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Bacteria and Virus

QuestionAnswer
antibiotics medicines used to kill bacteria and other microorganisms
bioremediation the use of bacteria and other microorganisms to change pollutants in soil and water into harmless chemicals
cocci spherical-shaped bacteria
consumer organism that obtains its food from other organisms
decomposer organism that gets energy by breaking down the remains of dead organisms
endospores a bacterium surrounded by a thick,protective membrane
binary fission one type of simple cell division that bacteria use to reproduce
host an organism that supports a parasite
lactic acid type of bacteria that digest the milk sugar lactose
lytic cycle the cycle of infection in which more viruses are prodced and the host cell is destroyed
nitrogen fixing tyoe of bacteria taht consume nitrogen in the air and change it into a form plants can use
pathogenic bacteria that invade a host organism and obtain nutrients from the host's cells
prokaryote a cell that lacks a nucleus
spirilla long, spiral shaped bacteria
vaccine a solution containing a weakened or inactive version of a virus
virus a microscopic particle that invades a cell and often destroys it
lytic cycle steps 1.) attach to a host cell 2.) Inject the viral (bad) DNA 3.) Make more viral DNA (virus factory) 4.) Cell breaks/bursts
binary fission steps 1.) Cell grows 2.) DNA copies 3.) DNA separates 4.) Cell splits
nitrogen fixing tyoe of bacteria taht consume nitrogen in the air and change it into a form plants can use
pathogenic bacteria that invade a host organism and obtain nutrients from the host's cells
prokaryote a cell that lacks a nucleus
spirilla long, spiral shaped bacteria
vaccine a solution containing a weakened or inactive version of a virus
virus a microscopic particle that invades a cell and often destrys it
lytic cycle steps 1.) attach to a host cell 2.) Inject the viral (bad) DNA 3.) Make more viral DNA (virus factory)4.) Cell breaks/bursts
binary fission steps 1.)Cell grows 2.) DNA copies 3.) DNA seperates 4.) Cell splits
Created by: sydkam