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Geo Vocab

Geography Vocabulary 10/17/11

Basin an area of land drained by a given river and its branches;an area of land surrounded by lands of higher elevation
Bay the part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline,generally smaller than a gulf
Channel a wide strait or waterway between 2 landmasses that lie close to each other;deep part of a river or other waterway.
Harbor a sheltered place along a shoreline where shops can anchor safely
Gulf part of a large body of water that extends in to a shoreline, generally larger and more deeply indented than a bay
Lake a sizable inland body of water
Mouth(of a river) a place where a stream or river flows into a larger body of water
Ocean one of the 4 major bodies of salt water that surround the continents
Ocean Current a stream of either cold or warm water that moves in a definite direction through an ocean
River a large, natural stream of water that runs through the land.
Sea a large body of water completely or partly surrounded by land.
Sound a broad, inland body of water, often between a coastline and one or more islands off the coast
Source(of a river) a place where a river of stream begins,often in highlands
Strait a narrow stretch of water joining 2 larger bodies of water
Tributary a small river or stream that flows into a large river or stream; a branch of the river.
Canyon a deep and narrow valley with steep walls.
Cape a point of land that extends into a river,lake or ocean
Cliff a step,high of rock, earth, or ice
Continent One of the 7 largest land masses on the earth
Delta A flat low lying- land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposited at its mouth
Desert a region of vegetation, either cold or hot, that receives ten inches or less of precipitation a year
Glacier a large thick body of slow moving ice
Hill elevated land with sloping sides and a rounded summit;generally smaller than a mountain
Island a land area;smaller that a continent completely surrounded by water
Isthmus a narrow stretch of land connecting 2 larger land areas
Mesa broad;flat topped landform with steep sides;smaller than a plateau
Mountain land with steep sides that rises sharply(1000 feet or more) from surrounding land;generally later and more rugged that a hill
Peninsula a body of land jutting into a lake or ocean,surrounded on 3 sides by water
Plain an area of level land;usually at low elevation and often covered with grasses
Plateau area of flat or rolling land a a high elevation, about 300-3,000 feet high
Rain forest a tropical dense evergreen woodland with an annual rainfall of 100 inches of more
Tundra a region of vegetation at high latitudes, high elevations and characterized by cold temperatures and sparse vegetation
Valley an area of low and between hills or mountains
Volcano a mountain created as liquid rock and ash erupt from inside the earth
Created by: griffinc