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Chapter 4 E.S.

Environmental Science

what are the 4 layers that make up the atmosphere? troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, and thermosphere
organisms use chlorphyll and energy from the sun to convert water and carbon dioxide into food photosynthesis
a form of oxygen, most abundant within this region ozone
water that falls from the atmosphere to the Earth's surface precipitation
short-term (hours or days) condition of the troposphere over a given area weather
a measure of the moisture content of the air humidity
the weight of the atmosphere pressing on Earth's surface air pressure
atmospheric disturbances that often cause changes to the biosphere storms
caused by uneven heating of the atmosphere winds
most common of severe storms; occur in warm, moist air masses during spring and summer thunderstorms
the most destructive of all storms; usually associated with thunderstorms and occur most frequently throughout the Great Plains of North America tornadoes
large, destructive, tropical storms hurricanes
the long-range temperature and precipitation patterns over a particular area climate
refers to physical features such as mountain ranges, valleys, plains, and plateaus topography
climates modified by the oceans therefore experience relatively small variations in temperature throughout the year maritime climates
the side of the mountain that faces the prevailing winds windward side
rhythmic motions of the water caused by winds waves
contain long, wide rivers of moving water in the ocean currents
attractions developed between the hydrogen and atom of one water molecule and oxygen atoms of another water molecule hydrogen bonds
describes the degree of movement of water turbulence
called the universal solvent because of it ability to dissolve other substances water
the measure of the amount of salt present in the water salinity
the upward force water exerts on floating objects buoyancy
without sea of ______, Earth would be uninhabitable gases
how many miles thick is the troposphere? 6
what occurs in the troposphere? weather
how many feet high up is the stratosphere? 50,000
what is the stratosphere the home of? ozone layer
how many miles above is the mesosphere? 30
what does the mesosphere cause? meteors
how many miles above is the thermosphere? 50
what 2 things interact to cause the creation of the aurora borealis? nitrogen and oxygen
the atmosphere is capable of creating the Earth's _______ surface
what is wearing the land down? water and air
what kind of air clashes to create storms? cold and warm
this gas melts and release and helping to destroy our ozone layer methane
don't need oxygen anaerobic
does need oxygen aerobic
required in our metabolism oxygen
what is the highest layer? exosphere
what is the most important layer? troposphere
what are 4 types of precipitation? rainfall, snow, hail, freezing rain
what is constantly changing? weather
_________ conditions that change on a daily basis (weather) atmospheric
for precipitation, how many inches is the average rainfall? 43
what season does the avverage rainfall start? spring
Created by: boydrac13