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Ch.7 Vocab/pc

Health Sceince Vocab

The science or study of food and the ways in which the body uses food Nutrition
A substance in food that provides energy or helps form body tissues and that is necessary for life and growth Nutrient
A class of energy-giving nutrients that includes sugars, starches, and fiber Carbohydrate
A class of energy-giving nutrients; also the main form of energy storage in the body Fat
A class of energy-giving nutrients that are made up of amino acids, which are needed to build and repair body structures and to regulate processes in the body. Protein
A class of nutrients that are chemical elements that are needed for certain process, such as enzyme activity and bone formation Minerals
Recommended nutrient intakes that will meet the needs of almost all healthy people Recommended Dietary Allowances
Recommended daily amount of a nutrient; used on food labels to help people see how a food fits into their diet. Daily Value
A food guidance system that encourages healthy food choices and daily activity MyPyramid
A set of diet and lifestyle recommendations developed to improve health and reduce nutrition-related disease risk in the U.S. population Dietary Guidelines for Americans
A measure of the nutrients in a food compared with the energy the food provides Nutrient density
A dietary pattern that includes few or no animal products Vegetarian
A class of nutrients that contain carbon and are needed in small amounts maintain health and allow growth Vitamins
The state of not having enough of a nutrient to maintain good health Nutrient deficiency
The sum of the chemical processes that take place in your body to keep you alive and active. Metabolism
How energy in food is measured. Calorie
Increases the amount of fluid and bulk in your digestive tract. Fiber
Created by: peytoncravens