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community midterm

QuestionAnswer
Problems that can arise from multiple people providing care to one patient fragmenting of services which can result in overuse, underuse, gaps in care, and miscommunication
what is a primary prevention a case mananger may perform? use the information exchange process to increase the client’s understanding of how to use the health care system
what is a secondary prevention a case mananger may perform? use case finding to identify existing health problems
what is a tertiary prevention a case mananger may perform? - monitor the use of prescription medications and adherence to treatment to reduce risk of illness complications
Epidemiology the study of the distribution and factors that determine health, related states, or events in a population and the use of this knowledge to control health problems.
rate measure of the frequency of a health event in a defined population during a specified period.
reliability the precision or repeatability of a measure, specifically its consistency from one time of use to another
Risk the probability that an event will occur within a specified period. It is distinguished from a high-risk population, those persons for whom a greater probability exists of the event occurring.
Sensitivity a measure of how accurately the test identifies those individuals having the condition or trait; the number of true positives (EX: mammogram- spots a mass but not sure what it is)
Specificity indicates how accurately the test identifies individuals not having the condition or trait; the number of true negatives. ( EX: pregnancy test- picks up that hormone and nothing else)
Validity the accuracy of a test or measurement, how closely it measures what it claims to measure. In a screening test, validity is measured by sensitivity and specificity.
Prevalence proportion measures existing disease in a population at a particular time; that is, the number of existing cases divided by the current population. (EX:340 people with aids/ 550 people in community)
Incidence rate reflects the number of new cases developing in a population at risk during a specified time.( It estimates the risk for developing the disease in the observed population within a specified time.)
Attack rate is a measure of morbidity, defined as the proportion of persons exposed to an agent who develop the disease. Attack rates are often specific to an exposure
what is a primary prevention as it relates to a disease : intervention that seeks to promote health and prevent the occurrence of disease, injury, or disability
what is a secondary prevention as it relates to a disease intervention that seeks to detect disease early in its progression, before clinical signs and symptoms become apparent, in order to make an early diagnosis and begin treatment
what is a tertiary prevention as it relates to a disease intervention aimed at disability limitation and rehabilitation from disease, injury, or disability
Created by: mpty66