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SI chap. 8

Long-term memory relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of memory system; includes knowledge, skills, and experiences
Memory persistence of learning over time through the storage and retrieval of information
Encoding the processing of information into the memory system
Storage the retention of encoded information over time
Retrieval the process of getting information out of memory
Sensory Memory immediate, very brief recording of sensory information
Short-term memory activated memory that holds a few items briefly before the information is stored or forgotten.
Working memory focuses on conscious, active processing of incoming auditory and visual-spatial information, and of information retrieved from long-term memory
Automatic processing unconscious encoding of incidental information
Effortful processing encoding that requires attention and conscious effort
Rehearsal the conscious repetition of information
Spacing effect the tendency for distributed study to yield better long-term retention than through masssed study
visual encoding the encoding of picture images
Acoustic encoding the encoding of sound
Semantic encoding the encoding of meaning
Imagery mental pictures
Mnemonics memory aids
Chunking organized items into familiar units; often automatically
Iconic memory a momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli; a photographic or picture-image memory lasting no more than a few tenths of a second
Echoic memory a momentary sensory memory of audition stimuli; words can be recalled within 3 or 4 seconds
long-term potentiation an increase in a synapse's firing potential after brief, rapid stimulation
Flashbulb memory a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event
Amnesia the loss of memory
Implicit memory retention independent of conscious recollection; aka nondeclarative memory
Explicit memory memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and "declare"; aka declarative memory
Hippocampus helps process explicit memories for storage
Recall a measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier, as on a fill-in-the-blank test
Recognition a measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned, as on a multiple-choice test
Relearning a measure of memory that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material for a second time
Priming the activation of particular associations in memory; often unconscious
Deja vu the sense that "I've experienced this before."
Mood-congruent memory the tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with one's current good or bad mood.
Proactive interference the disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information
Retroactive interference the disruptive effect of new learning on the recall of old information
Repression the basic defense mechanism that banishes from consciousness anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories
Misinformation effect incorporating misleading information into one's memory of an event
Source amnesia attributing to the wrong source an event we have experienced, heard about, read about, or imagined
Created by: cfranci2