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Latin words ch.1-9

Latin Ecce Romani Chapter 1-9

QuestionAnswer
Ecce Look
Puella puellae girl
nomine by name, called
quae who
habitat Habitant lives, is living, does live
etiam also
villa villae country house
villa rustica villae rusticae country house with farm
ubi where
aestate summer
laeta laetae happy
quod because
iam now
sub arbore under the tree
sedet sedent sits, is sitting, does sit
et and
legit legunt reads, is reading, does read
altera a second
vicina vicinae neighboring
dum while
scribit scribunt writes, is writing, does write
quis who
cur why
quid facit What does....do? What is.....doing?
Where is a verb in latin? at the end of the sentence.
Where is the adj. in the sentence after the noun
What do all sentences have a noun
cantat cantant sing
salutat salutant wave
dormit dormiunt sleep
saltat saltant dance
plorat plorant cry
cadit cadunt fall
ridet rident laugh
natat natant swim
studet student study
clamat clamant shout
delineat delineant draw
ambulat ambulant walk
videt vident see
surgit surgunt stand
amica amicae friend
adiuvat adiuvant help
teach docet docent
quoque also
sunt (they) are
hodie today
sed but
in agris in the fields
brevi tempore in a short time, soon
defessa defessae tired
non iam no longer
strenua strenuae active, energetic, lively
tandem at last
ex agris from/out of the fields
ad villam rusticam to toward the country house and farm
lente slowly.
Quid Faciunt What are......doing?
Subjects the person or thing that does something (noun)
Verb What the thing is doing
Linking Verb links a subject and an adj. Example: Cornelia est laeta
Complement Completes the sentence....renames the subject....mostly an adj. or a noun Cornelia est laeta Puellae est Cornelia
If the subject is singular the verb: ends in t
If the subject is plural the verb: ends in nt
eius her
saepe often
If you state the name, do you need to restate the name or use her again if it is understood? NOOOOO
Sunt at the beginning of a sentence means There are
quae who that
if a subject is plural and feminine it ends in ae or e
if a subject is singular and feminine it ends in a(mostly)
bona bonae good
male bad
amat amant love
currere to run
quid what
cur why
ubi where
quis who
When a verb ends in nt it's subject is they
when a verb ends in t it's subject is he, she
Whenever the subject is changed to plural or singular the complement is : changed to plural or singular too.
When the subject in a sentence is plural the adj describing it is: plural as well. Laeta Puella currit. Laetae Puellae currunt.
bene well
aperit aperiunt open
magna magnae loud, big, great
laudat laudant praise
semper always
auscultat ausculant listen
eam plural of her
misera miserae horrible miserable
filia filiae daughter
intrat intrant enter
orat orant pray
tacet tacent to say nothing
famila familae family
puer pueri boy
qui who
in villis rusticis in the country house
laetus laeti happy
alterus alteri another
amicus amici friend
defessus defessi tired
strenuus strenui energetic
bonus boni good
magnus magni loud
miserus miseri miserable
malus mali bad
eadem the same
in horto in the garden
horta hortae garden
hortus horti garden
vir viri man
servus servi slave
multi many
multae many
laborat laborant work
solus soli alone
sola solae alone
iratus irati angry
irata iratae angry
subito suddenly
in piscinam in the pond
piscina piscinae pond
Abite molesti Go away pests
molestus molesti pest
molesta molstae pest
rusticus rustici rustic
gemit gemunt groan
salvus slavi safe
salva salvae safe
minime no
ita vero yes
The gender and number must always match in; a sentece and between an adj and noun
femina feminae woman
ex horto leave the garden
If you dont know the ending, you cant pluralize or describe it correctly.
poeta poetae poet
nauta nautae sailor
agricola agricolae farmer
athleta atheletae athlete
the above words are masculine they are exceptions
If the adj ends in a but it is masc. : the adj are masculine.
The mas. singular ending is: us,r
the mas. plural endings are: i
e is the same as ex
robustus robusti strong
robusta robustae strong
bella bellae beautiful
bellus belli handsome
liber libri book
magister magistri teacher
magistra magistrae teacher
novus novi new
nova novae new
Latin is consistant
parvus parvi small
parva parvae small
in solum on the floor
discipula discipulae girl students
dicispulus discipuli boy students
ager agri field
agro agris use in prep. phrase-in the field/s
tibi gratzia thank you
strenue hard working hard
interrogative questions are: quis, quid, cur, cuando, ubi
to read legete
You only need est after the question if it is a linking verb and complement. Quid est flavia? Quid legit Flavia?
Add ne to a: linking verb subject name
this shows what if it is a yes or no question.
Where is it added to: the end of the first word in the question.
molestus troublesome annoying
semper always
vexat annoyes
igitur therefore
amat likes love
dormit sleeps
conspicit catches sight of
furtim stealthily
appropinquat approaches
ascendit climbs
magnus big, great
magna voce in a loud voice
audit hears, listens
videt sees
vox voice
terret frightens
sollicita anxious, worried
tum at the moment, then
Descende, Sexte Come down, Sextus.
tu you
Nihil nothing
te you(do)
Cave! be careful
Ramus branch
infirmus weak, shaky
fragor crash, noise
Qualis What sort of?
Quo? Where...to?
What is a direct object: It names the person or thing that receives the action.
How is a direct object expressed: it ends in m
the adjective of the direct object must: meet the same # and gender.
Endings of feminine: am'eam
endings of masculine: um,
Endings of irregular: rem, em
irregular words: singular: pater, vox, arbor, fragor, clamor plural: patres, voces, arbores, fragores, clamores d.o: patrem, vocem, arborem, fragorem, clamorem
Gender of each: fragor-masculine clamor-masculine arbor-feminine vox- feminine pater-masculine
When addressing someone, any word ending in us changes to: e=Sexte, magne sexte
molus donkey
silvus woods
spectat looks
sacina bag
canis dog
manet stays
Rogat question
igitur what happens
habet has
timet scared
fatuus/fatua stupid
equus horse
si if
dies day
calidus warm
in silvam in the woods
ibi there
rivus stream
frigidus cool, cold
errant wander
prope near
vult wants, wishes
ignavus cowardly, lazy
respondet replies
neque neither, nor
temerarius rash, reckless
lupus wolf
perterritus frightened, terrified
statim immediately
Ferte auxilium bring help! help!
ubi where, when
clamor shout, shouting
ad puellas toward the girls
eos them
eum him
petit looks for, seeks
arripit grabs hold of, snatches
repellit drives off
e silva out of the woods, from the woods
salvae safe
adveniunt reach, arrive (at)
excipiunt welcome
adhuc still
timet fears, is afraid.
non not.
nondum not yet
lucet it is light;day
surgit get up, rise
per villam through the house
pater father
mater mother
etiam also
neque and...not
tamen however
ancilla slave-woman
omnes all
observat watch
purgat clean
cibus food
coquere to cook
coquit cooks
mox soon, presently
strenue strenuously, hard
aqua water
portant carry
reprehendit blames, scolds
docet teach
curare to look after
lanam tahunt spin wool
omina quae everything that
adiuvare to help
ipsa she herself
nunc now
necesse est it is necessary
an infinitive can come after a: impersonal-necesse est
endings of singular: feminine: a masculine: r, us
endings of plural feminine: ae masculine: i
endings of direct objects: feminine: am masculine: um
endings of plural direct objects: feminine: as masculine: os
endings of irregular: x, e
endings of irregular plural: es
endings of irregular direct objects: es
vincere to win
coquunt, coquit, coquere, coquo cook
trahunt drag, pull
trahere infitinve form of trahunt
necat to kill
fratrem brother
morta dead
adjectives must match the noun they are describing.
occupatus busy
laborantes working
spectant watch, look at
nuntius messenger
vent comes
salutat greets
Salve! Greetings! Hello!
inquit says
meus my
ducit leads, takes
tradit hands over
Eheu! Alas!
princeps the emperor
ad urbem to the city
revocat recalls
consulere to consult
redire to return
Eugepae Hurray
ire to go
Nominative case the subject of the verb
accusative case the direct object of te verb
1st declension feminine
2nd declension masculine
3rd declension unique words
1st declension singular endings nom: a-puella acc: am-puellam
1st declension plural endings: nom: ae-puellae acc; as-puellas
2nd declension singular endings: nom: us, r-servus,puer acc: um-servum, puerum
2nd declension plural endings; nom:i-servi acc;os-servos
3rd declension singular endings; nom: r, x-mater, vox acc: em-matrem, vocem
2rd declension plural endings: nom: es-matres, voces acc:es-matres, voces
How can you find clues in the sentence: by looking at the adjectives, verbs, and endings of the words there.
In the 3rd declension, how can you tell the difference between nom. and acc. plural: by looking at the adjectives..... if it is a direct object the ending of the adj will be am or em or os or as describing it, but if it is the subject the adjectives describing it will be a,ae,i,us,r.
habet has
dicit tells
igitur therefore
When showing possession the word being possesed ends in: plural-pater est Corneliae et marci
urbs: city: feminine.
via street
rogat asks
IAM already, now
Age/Agite Come on!
vos you (plural)
nos we, us
excitare to rouse, wake someone up
intrat enters
cubiculum bedroom
tempus time
deinde then, next
celeriter quickly
induit puts on
iterum again, a second time
mihil for me
I ending o
you ending (s) s
he/ she/ it ending t
we ending mus
you (p) ending tis
they ending nt
am and are conjugated: Ego sum Tu es est nos sumus vos estis sunt
1st case conjugation endings o as at amus atis ant
2nd case conjugated endings eo es et emus etis ent
3rd case conjugation endings io is it imus itis unt
4th case conjugation endings io is it imus itis iunt
Vocative case: only 2nd declension masculine nouns that end in (us) change to (e) when someone is talking to them.
debet has to
iubet demands
when it says _________ cum ______ the verb is singular
paretnes parents
omnia everything
omnes all
when there is iubet______ the verb following is infinitive
carmen song
Accusative prepositions: prope, ad, inter, per, trans, circum, in, ante, post, super.
prope: near
ad: to
inter: between
per: through
trans: across
circum: around
in: into
ante: before
post after
super over, above
Ablative case: In, sub, ex, ab, sine, cum, de
in: in or on
sub: under
ex: out of
ab: away
sine: without
cum: with
de: down from
Accusative case endings: singular: am, um, em plural: as, os, es
Ablative endings: singular: a, o, e plural, is, is, ibus
caput head
caelo sky
tecto roof
canis dog
sua her own
nemo no one
nulli no
ianitor doorkeeper
ad ianuam at the door
tacite silently
temptat tries
semisomna half-asleep
hic here
Tace! be quiet
Noli....excitare! Don't.....wake up!
mecum with me
misera unhappy
nobis for us
discedere to go away
tuus your
vos omnes all of you
simul together
nescio I do not know
secunda hora second hour
lacrimant weeps
O me Miseram Poor me!
manere to stay
Vale! goodbye
mitte send
promittis you promise
complexu in an embrace
tenete holds
lacrimans weeping
abit goes away
festinat hurries
alii....alii some.....others
interea meanwhile
gerit wears
iubet orders
alius another, other
cista trunk, chest
ponere to put, place
in itinere on a journey
liberi children
gerere solent accustomed to wearing, usually wear
ipse herself
stat stands
via road
baculum stick
habet holds
scelestus wicked
cras tomorrow
incitat spurs on, urges on
raeda carriage
servus quidam a certain slave
iacit throws
paratus ready
raedarius coachman
equus horse
eo ipso tempore at that very moment
agit drives
1st conjugation: are o, as, at, amus, atis, ant
2nd conjugation:ere eo, es, et, emus, etis, ent
3rd conjugation:ere o, is, it, imus, itis, unt istem: io, is, it, imus, itis, iunt
4th conjugation:ire io, is, it, imus, itis, iunt
Imperative is used in: issuing orders
1st con. imperative: are: a, ate
2nd con. imperative: ere e, ete
3rd con. imperative: ere e, ite istem:e, ite
4th con. imperative: i, ite
irregular imperatives: dic, dicite duc, ducite fac, facite fer, ferte fac
negative imperative noli(don't)........ the ..... is an infinitve (noli excitare)
Via Appia The Appian Way
vilicus overseer, farm manager
dominus master
absum, abesse to be away, be absent
area open space, threshing floor
plenus full
quamquam although
musso, mussre to mutter
verbero, verberare to beat
id quod that which, what
ira anger
illa nocte that night
effugio,effugere to flee,run away, escape
impedio, impedire to hinder
se celare to hide (himself)
porta gate
Genitive case: used to show possession or to show the prepositional phrase of
1st case genitive case: ae: villa puellae arum: villa puellarum
2nd genitive case: i: villa pueri orum: villa puerorum
3rd genitive case: is: villa matris um: villa matrum
pater(patris) father
mater(matris) mother
parens(parentis) parent
frater(fratris) brother
soror(sororis) sister
filius(filii) son
filia(filiae) daughter
liberi(liberorum) children
vir(viri) man, husband
uxor(uxoris) wife
numerus numbers
The Cornlians seek rome: along the Appian Way
if the master is away, the overseer takes care of the master's home
Davus orders all the slaves to come into the threshing floor
The slaves must work: strenuously
The slaves must do what Davus said because Davus wants to be master, he has a stick, and can beat them
they return to the fields because: they fear the overseers stick
Why does Geta not return: he neither loves the overseer or fears his andger
What does he do: at night he packs food and flees
When it is day, he hides: in the branches of a tree
Why is Davus angry and worried: he doesn't see Geta.
Created by: giugiu427