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Webster Science 6

Ecology Test

QuestionAnswer
A living thing Organism
A group of similar living things. All in the same species. Population
All the different populations that live together in an area. Community
All the living and non living things that interact in a particular area. Ecosystems
Living parts of an ecosystem. Biotic
The non living parts of an ecosystem. Abiotic
A symbiotic relationship in which both species benefit. Mutualism
A symbiotic relationship in which one species benefits and the other species is neither helped nor harmed. Commensalism
A behavior or physical characteristic that allows an organism to live successfully in its environment. Adaptations
The struggle between organisms to survive as they attempt to use the same limited resource. Competition
A diagram that shows the amount of energy that moves from one feeding level to another in a food web. Energy Pyramid
A series of events in which on organism eats another to gets its energy. Food Chain
A pattern of overlapping food chains in an ecosystem. Food Web
An organism that can make its own food. Plants,and algae. Producers
A organisms that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms. ie human, dogs, lions. Consumers
An orgaism that breaks down wastes and dead organisms. ie, Mushrooms, bacteria, worms, snails. Decomposers
What type of symbiotic relationship is the following: Vines live on trees without harming the trees. Commensalism
What type of symbiotic relationship is the following: Humans become infected with tapeworms. Tapeworms take nutrients from the humans. Parasitism
What type of symbiotic relationship is the following:Bees spread plant pollen as they gather nectarr from flowers. Mutualism
The organism that does the killing in a predation interaction. Predator
An organism that is killed and eaten by another organism. Prey
What is missing from this food chain? grass-> rabbit->lynx decomposer
How much energy is lost from each stage in the energy pyramid? 10%
Soil, temperature, sunlight, water and rocks are examples of what type of factor? Abiotic factor
The organism that a parasite lives in or on in a parasitism interaction? Host
The study of how living things interact with each other and their environment is ... Ecology
What is the original source of almost all the energy in most ecosystems? sunlight
Created by: websterscience6