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1 - October 9, 2011

Introduction to Patient Care Terminology

aerobe an organism that requires oxygen to live
anaerobe an organism that does not require oxygen to live or requires the absence of oxygen
antiseptic an agent that inhibits the growth of some microorganisms on skin or tissue
autoclave an apparatus that sterilizes, using steam under pressure
bacteriostatic agent an agent that prevents the growth and reproduction of some microorganisms
carrier a person who carries pathogens but is not ill
contaminated possessing pathogenic organisms
disinfectant a chemical agent that inhibits the growth or reproduction of microorganisms on inanimate enviromental surfaces
fomite an inanimate object that can harbor pathogenic microorganisms
infection the disease process produced by microorganisms of the toxins they produce
medical asepsis practices that limit the transmission of microorganisms; also called clean technique
microorganism a tiny living body visible only under a microscope
nonpathogen a microogranism that does not produce disease under usual conditons
nosocomial associated with or originating in a hospital or similar institution, eg, a nosocomial infection
pathogen a microorganism that produces disease in most circumstances
phagocyte a cell, eg, a white blood cell, that ingests microorganisms, other cells and foreign particles
phagocytosis the process by which cells engulf microorganisms, other cells, or foreign particles
spore a round or oval structure resistant to destruction that is formed by some bacterial cells as part of the reproductive process
sterilization a process that destroys all microorganisms, including spores
surgical asepsis measures that render and maintain objects free from all microorganisms; also known as sterile technique or asepsis
vector animals or insects that may carry and transmit microorganisms
virulence ability to produce disease
Created by: bjbert