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B232 Test 1 Vocab

IUPUI BSN Potter and Perry Ch 2, 6, 9 & 13

QuestionAnswer
Most independently functioning nurse. Has a Masters. Specializes. Works as a clinician, educator, case manager, consultant and researcher. "Umbrella term" that includes: NP's, clinical nurse specialists (CNS), CRNA, & Nurse mid-wives. Advanced practice nurse (APN)
Improves standards of healthcare. Promotes professional development and general and economic welfare of nurses. American Nurses Association (ANA)
helps regain health and maximum independence through the healing process. Includes all aspects of patients well-being such as family goals. Caregiver
an RN who is also educated in midwifery and is certified by the American College of Nurse-Midwives. Involves providing independent care for women during normal pregnancy, labor, and delivery, as well as care for the newborn. It includes some gynecological Certified nurse-midwife (CNM)
is an RN with advanced education in a nurse anesthesia accredited program. Nurse anesthetists provide surgical anesthesia under the guidance and supervision of an anesthesiologist, who is a physician with advanced knowledge of surgical anesthesia. Certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA)
Protect the patient rights (human & legal), provide information, help patient to make decisions. Consider race, religion, and culture. Client advocate
Expert clinician with a specialty of patient base or condition. Clinical nurse specialist (CNS)
Philosophical ideals of right & wrong. Incorporate your own ethics and standards. Code of ethics
Formal, organized programs offered by universities, hospitals, nursing associations, & nursing organizations. Updates your knowledge of the latest research and development & helps you specialize. Continuing education
training provided by a health care agency or institution to increase the knowledge of their employees. Inform nurses of the new programs & supplies. Important. In-service education
Parallel objective to those of the ANA International Council of Nurses (ICN)
Advances excellence in nursing education to prepare nurses to meet the needs of a diverse population National League for Nursing (NLN)
manages client care and the delivery of specific nursing services Nurse administrator
Works in schools, educations patient on their disability. Ex: Certified Diabetic Educator (CDE) Nurse educator
Care for patient with more complex problems. A holistic approach. Acute and chronic stable conditions (asthma). Works with a PCP. Nurse practitioner
Investigates problems to improve nursing care Nurse researcher
Academic setting, hospital, independent profession, community service agency the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human respo Nursing
Deals with issues of concern to those practicing in the profession Professional organization
Through associate or baccalaureate degree program. Go on to take NCLEX-RN for licensure. Registered nurse (RN)
The process of adapting to and adopting a new culture Acculturation
Results when an individual gradually adopts and incorporates the characteristics of the dominant culture Assimilation
occurs when an individual identifies equally with two or more cultures Biculturalism
When kinship extends to both the father's and mother's side of the family Bilineal
trust; confidence Confianza
rejection of a new culture because experience with a new or different culture is extremely negative Cultural Backlash
Adapt or negotiate with others for a beneficial or satisfying health outcome Cultural care accommodation or negotiation
retain and/or preserve relevant care values so that clients maintain their well being, recover from illness, or face handicaps and/or death Cultural care preservation or maintenance
reorder, change, or greatly modify clients' lifestyles for a new, different, and beneficial health care pattern Cultural care repatterning or restructuring
use of ones own values and lifestyles as the absolute guide in dealing with clients and interpreting their behaviors Cultural imposition
suffered when healthcare practitioner disregards their way of life cultural pain
ability of a nurse to bridge cultural gaps in caring Includes: cultural awareness, skill, desire, encounters, and knowledge Culturally competant care
fits the persons valued life patterns and meanings culturally congruent care
the thoughts, communications, actions, customs, beliefs, values, and institutions of racial, ethnic, religious, or social groups culture
illnesses specific to ones culture culture-bound syndrome
insider worldview, native Emic
outsider worldview Etic
learning culture from own people Enculturaltion
Shared identity related to social and cultural heritage, language, race, geographical areas, and values Ethnicity
a tendency to hold one's own way of life as superior to other Ethnocentrism
significant historical experience of a particular group Ethnohistory
nonblood kin fictive
meat that is permissable to eat because it was slaughtered during a prayer ritual. E.g -meat, fish, fresh fruit, vegetables, eggs, milk and cheese Halal
prohibited foods (nonHalal) E.g- animals with fangs, pork products, gelatin products, and alcohol Haram
The name Filipinos use for a practitioner other than medical doctors attending childbirth. Hilots
group of people who originated from the mountainous regions of Laos Hmong
Korean culture-bound syndrome observed among miggle-age, low income women who are overwhelmed and frustrated by the burden of caregiving for their in-laws, husabnds, and children Hwa-Byung
A culture that greatly celebrates the birth of a son Igbos
Less observable components of a culture Invisible culture
fit to be eaten according to Jewish dietary laws; acceptable-Meat from animals that have been slaughtered with the least amount of suffering Kosher
Kinship limited to the mother's side of the family Matrilineal
attribute illness to natural, impersonal, and biological forces that cause alteration in the equilibrium of the human body Naturalistic practitioners
Kinship limited to the father's side of the family Patrilineal
Personalistic Personalismo
believe that an external agent, which can be human(sorceror) or nonhuman(ghosts, evil, deity), causes health and illnesses Personalistic practitioners
Jewish religious leader Rabbi
occurs during the ninth lunar months, muslims fast during the daylight hours for 28 days Ramadan
respeto respectful
significant social markers of changes in a persons life -social rituals that mark the transition between developmental stages, especially between childhood and adulthood Rites of passage
when jewish refrain from using electrical appliances Sabbath
the healing specialist of a tribe who attempts to control the spirits thought to cause a disease or injury Shaman
a Sikh man believes the items that he wears symbolizes his allegiance to the philosophy of Sikhism and removal of the arrtifacts is considered sacreligious and violates the identity of the person Sikh/Sikhism
friendly, warm Simpatia
subgroups within a larger culture that have unique values, ideas, and attitudes E.g- the Appalachain and Missouri Ozark cultures Subcultures
a comparative study of culture to understand similarities and differences across human groups Transcultural nursing
easily seen components of a culture Visible culture
Created by: kistlert