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Pathophysiology of common diseases.
|Define measles.||An acute, highly communicable viral disease caused by morbilivirus.|
|What are signs and symptoms of measles?||Rash beginning on the face and spreads to the appendages. Fever of 38C or greater. Koplik spots- small irregular red spots with bluiesh-white speck in the center on the buccal mucosa. Photosensitivity. General cold-like symptoms.|
|What is hemmorhagic measles?||When the macules haemorrhage into the skin.|
|What is the best defence against measles?||Immunization.|
|What are the symptoms of mesenteric adenitis?||Occurs in younger people. Pain felt in right iliac fossa region. Often preceded by URTI or tonsilitis. Some nausea + vomiting. Flushed with high temp. Minimal guarding or rigidity. Psoas, orbturater test - usually negative.|
|What are the symptoms of appendicitis?||Normally occurs in older people. Site of pain usually starts around the umbulicus - shifts to right. Preceding illness uncommon. Nausea + vomiting. Pale, slightly raise temp. Guarding, possible rigidity. Positive psoas/obturator tests.|