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Eng: MOW, Etc.

Modes of writing, figures of speech, poetry terms, argument terms, etc.

narrative account of actions of events that have befallen someone or something.
description appeals to the senses by showing physical characteristics.
argument strategic use of language used to convince audience to agree with your point.
exposition/ analysis it seeks to explain or inform
apostrophe absent or dead person,abstract quality, or something inanimate or nonhuman is addressed directly.
chiasmus 2 or more clauses are related and use a reversal of structures in order to make a larger point.
simile comparison using 'like' or 'as'
metaphor a direct comparison of 2 things
alliteration repetition of a consonant sound.
assonance the repetition of vowel sounds
blank verse verse written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
end stopped a line of poetry with a pause at the end, often signaled by a comma, dash, or period.
enjambed a line or thought that runs over to the next line without a pause.
epitaph an inscription on a gravestone or a short poem written in memory of someone who died.
free verse unrhymed verse that has no pattern or an irregular one.
allegory a story where characters, actions, or settings represent abstract ideas or morals.
external conflict a struggle between 2 opposing forces or characters in a story. ex. man v. man; man v. society; man v. nature
frame structure that provides a setting and exposition for the main narrative. ex. author may describe where he found manuscript or where he heard the story he is about to relate.
internal conflict man v. self
antithesis establishing a clear contrasting relationship between 2 ideas by joining them together, often in parallel structure.
argument by analogy an attempt to persuade audience by comparing 2 similar things.
equivocation subject to 2 or more interpretations. used to mislead or confuse.
ad hominem "to or against man" attacks person rather than stance
appeal to ignorance whatever is not proven false must be true and vice-versa.
argument from authority (false authority) tempts audience to agree because information is from authority or celebrity.
bandwagon appeals encourages to agree because everyone does it.
begging the question assumes that all or parts of an argument must be true. ex. he could not have failed the test because he is an A student.
false dichotomy a consideration of only 2 extremes when there are intermediate possibilities.
faulty analogy an illogical, misleading comparison between 2 things.
faulty causality setting up a cause and effect relationship where none exists.
hasty generalization deliberately leading to a conclusion with insufficient or selective evidence. ex. ping pong is a dangerous sport because i know someone who was hit in the eye and almost lost vision
non- sequiter "it does not follow" statement that doesn't relate logically to what come before it.
red herring shifting away from the issue that has nothing to do with issue at hand.
scare tactics used to frighten audience to agree with speaker.
sentimental appeals an attempt to appeal to the heart of readers so that they do not use their minds.
slippery slope an exaggerated that suggests dire consequences from minor causes.
straw man argument oversimplifies of an opponent's argument to make it easier to attack.
tautology a logical statement in which the conclusion is equivalent to the premise. ex. bad people take drugs, people who take drugs are bad.
ambivalence simultaneous opposite feelings towards something or someone.
aphorism a short statement that expresses wise or clever observations about life.
colloquial language slang and idioms
connotations emotional associations that you make with certain words or ideas (subjective)
diatribe a bitter and abusive speech or writing
didactic intended to teach a lesson (fable, parable.)
discursive moving from topic to topic without order
dogmatic argument based on faith
epithet descriptive name used to characterize someone or something (needs 2 parts)
euphemism covering up words or phrases that may offend with more agreeable ones.
anaphora repetition of same word(s) at the beginning of successive phrases.
epistrophe repetition of same word (s) at the end of successive phrases.
Created by: blacall13