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define cell division process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells.
define mitosis part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleus divides.
define cytokinesis divison of the cytoplasm to form two seperate daughter cells.
define chromatid one of two identical sister parts of a duplicated chromosome.
centromere region of a chromosome wherethe two sister chromatids attach.
interphase period of the cell cycle between cell divisions.
cell cycle series of events in which a cell grows prepares for division and divides to form two daughter cells.
prophase first and longest phase of mitosis in which the genetic material inside the nucleus condenses and the chromosomes become visible.
centriole structure in an animal cell that helps to organize cell division
chromatin substances found in eukaryotic chromosomes that consists of DNA tightly coiled around histones.
metaphase phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes line up acros the center of the cell.
anaphase phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes seperate and move to opposite ends of the cell.
telophase phase of mitosis in which the distinct individual chromosomes begin to spread out into a tangle of chromatin.
chromosome threadlike structures
growth factor one of a group of external regulatory proteins that stimulate the growth and division of cells.
cyclin one of a family of proteins that regulates the cell cycle in eukaryotic cells.
apoptosis process of programmed cell death.
cancer disorder in which some of the body's cell lose the ability to control growth.
tumor mass of rapidly dividing cells that can damage surrounding heathly tissue.
embryo developing stage of a multicellular organism.
differentiation process in which cells become specilized in structure and function.
totipotent cells that are able to develope into any type of cell found in the body
blastocyst stage of early development in mammals that consist of hollow ball of cells.
pluripotent cells that are capable of developing into most, but not all, of the body's cell type.
stem cell unspecialized cell that can give rise to one or more types of specialized cells.
multipotent cell with limited potential to develope into many types of differentiated cells.
Created by: bob3