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Ch. 5-9 vocabulary

AP Government vocabulary

Attentive public Those citizens who follow public affairs carefully.
Australian ballot A secret ballot printed by the state.
Blanket primary Primary election open to all voters, who may vote for a candidate from any party for each office.
Caucus A meeting of local party members to choose party officials for public office and to decide the platform.
Coattail effect The boost that candidates may get in an election because of the popularity of candidates above them on the ballot, especially the president.
Direct primary Election in which voters choose party nominees.
Hard money Political contributions given to a party, candidate, or interest group that are limited in amount and fully disclosed. RAising such limited funs is harder than raising unlimited funds, hence the term "hard" money.
Gender gap The difference between the political opinions of political behavior of men and of women.
Incumbent The current holder of an elected office.
Ideology A consistent pattern of beliefs about political values and the role of government.
Issue advocacy Promoting a particular position or and issue paid for by interest groups or individuals but not candidates. Much issue advocacy is often electioneering for or against a candidate and until 2004 had not been subject to any regulation.
Open primary Primary election in which any voter, regardless of party, may vote.
Party identification An informal and subjective affiliation with a political party that most people acquire in childhood.
Political culture The widely shared beliefs, values, and norms concerning the relationship of citizens to government and to one another.
Plurality Candidate or party with the most votes cast in an election, not necessarily more than half.
Political socialization The process, most notably in families and schools, by which we develop out political attitudes, values, and beliefs.
Realigning election An election during periods of expanded suffrage and change in the economy and society that proves to be a turning point, redefining the agenda of politics and the alignment of voter within parties.
Soft money Money raised in unlimited amounts by political parties for party-building purposes. Now largely illegal except for limited contributions to stated and local parties for voter registration and get-out-the-vote efforts.
Single member district system An electoral district in which voters choose one representative or official.
Safe seat An elected office that is predictably won by one party or the other, so the success of that party's candidate is almost taken for granted.
Split ticket voting A vote for some of one party's candidates and some of another party's.
Straight ticket voting A vote for all of one party's candidates.
Suffrage The right to vote.
Created by: TaylorJW