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Pharm101.3

NREMT drug uses

QuestionAnswer
Dextose 50% Increases blood glucose levels
Oral Glucose Increases blood glucose level
Syrup of Ipecac Induce Vomiting of Unabsorbed ingested Poions
Epinephrine (1 :10,000) Alpha effects produce peripheral vasoconstriction Beta1 effects:Increases heart rate and Improves force of ventricular contractions. Beta 2 effects produce bronchodilation
Aminophylline Brochodilation, decreased mucus secretion
Ketorolac Anti-inflammatory, pain reliever
Albuterol Bronchodilation (beta-two adrenergic)
Lidocaine Suppresses ventricular ectopy Blocks conduction of pain impulses
Heparin Anticoagulant
Verapamil Calcium Channel Blocker
Morphine Alleviates pain Decreases peripheral vascular resistance - vasodilator Decreases cardiac workload and oxygen demand on the heart
Calcium Chloride Balances hyperkalemia Increases myocardial contractile force and ventricular automaticity Aids in the re-entry of calcium into muscle when given for calcium channel blocker or magnesium sulfate toxicitydi
Nitroglycerin Coronary and systemic vasodilator - decreases peripheral vascular resistance and preload Decreases cardiac workload and oxygen demand on the heart
Succinylcholine short-acting depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent used as a muscle relaxant used during intubation
Dobutamine managing congestive heart failure when an increase in heart rate is not desired
Propranolol competitive antagonist which specifically competes with beta-adrenergic receptor stimulating agents for available beta-receptor sites
Amyl Nitrite rapidly acting vasodilator
Coumadin Anticoagulant
Promethazine Potent antiemetic
Insulin lowers the level of glucose in the blood
Mag. Sulfate Reverses magnesium deficiency Calcium-channel blocker Increases intracellular potassium Central nervous system depressant Relaxes smooth muscl
Phenytoin anticonvulsant
Amiodarone Alters the movement of sodium, potassium and calcium through normal channels. These actions: increase the refractory period of all cardiac tissues slow repolarization decrease automaticity Alpha and beta blocker
Pancuronium Nondepolarizing skeletal muscle relaxant
Sodium Bicarbonate Drives serum potassium back into the cell Enhances urinary excretion of tricyclic antidepressants Neutralizes acidosis
Nalbuphine narcotic pain reliever
Dexamethasone anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant
Glucagon Converts stored glycogen to glucose, increasing blood glucose levels Improves cardiac contractility and increases heart rate
Ipratropium Bronchodilation Dries respiratory tract secretions
Thiamine Used to treat coma of unknown origin
Magnesium Sulfate Torsade’s, Hypomagnesaemia, seizure, eclampsia, laryngeal spasm
Nitroprusside Vasodilator
Oxytocin Relieves Postpartum Hemorrhage
Chlordiazepoxide Sedative, anxiety, acute alcohol withdrawn symptoms
Aspirin Blocks pain impulses in the CNS Dilates peripheral vessels Reduces platelet stickiness Reduces coronary artery vasoconstriction
Midazolam Central nervous system depressant that causes: Amnesia Sedation Muscle relaxation
Etomidate Suppresses central nervous system activity thereby inducing rapid unconsnylciousness
Streptokinase Fibrinolytic
Mannitol Osmotic diuretic, cerebral edema
Activated Charcoal Absorbant for acute ingested poison
Isoproterenol Produces bronchodilation by relaxing bronchial smooth muscle through beta-2 receptor stimulation; increases heart rate and myocardial contractility by stimulating cardiac beta-1 receptors, which increases cardiac output.
Reteplase thrombolytic drug that is used to dissolve blood clots
Nitrous Oxide Depresses the central nervous system
Metaproterenol bronchodilator
Procainamide used to treat irregular heartbeats and to slow an overactive heart
Naloxone Reverses narcotic effects
Diazepam Central nervous system depressant that causes: Amnesia Muscle relaxation Sedation
Atropine Reverses suspected vagal tone in bradycardias, asystole and PEA Blocks acetylcholine in organophosphate poisonings; Reverses effects of nerve agents
Vasopressin Antidiuretic hormone,
Nifedipine calcium channel blockers (CCBs) that are used to treat angina (heart pain), high blood pressure, and abnormal heart rhythms.
Methylprednisone steroid used to reduce inflammation
Hydralazine Antihypertensive
Alteplase (TPAC) Fibrinolytic
Lorazepam sedative , cardioversion
Prochlorperazine Antiemetic used to relieve sever nausea and acute vomiting
Phenytoin Anticovulsant to help control seizure, or convery dysrhythmia induced ny digitalis toxicity
Dopamine At low doses, increases perfusion to kidneys and abdominal organs At moderate doses, increases force and rate of ventricular contractions At high doses, peripheral vasoconstrictor
Adenosine Slows conduction through AV node thereby terminating reentrant tachycardia, Causes transient AV block , Vasodilation
Furosemide loop diuretic
Norepinephrine Potent peripheral vasoconstrictor Increases myocardial contractility
Haloperidol Antipsychotic
Diphenydramine Blocks histamine receptor sites in allergic reactions Reverses side effects of dystonic reactions caused by phenothiazines
Flumazenil benzodiazepine receptor antagonist
Hydroxyzine used for the short-term treatment of nervousness and tension that may occur with certain mental/mood disorders
Phenobarbital used as a sedative hypnotic and also as an anticonvulsant
Meperidine Narcotic analgesic used to relieve mode
Created by: gkriete