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soc real world ch 1

Sociology The Real World Stein Chapter 1

QuestionAnswer
society A group of people who shape their lives in aggregated and patterned ways that distinguish their group from other groups.
sociology The systematic or scientific study of human society and social behavior, from large-scale institutions and mass culture to small groups and individual interactions.
social sciences The disciplines that use the scientific method to examine the social world; in contrast to the natural sciences, which examine the physical world.
microsociology The level of analysis that studies face-to-face and small-group interactions in order to understand how those interactions affect the larger patterns and institutions of society.
macrosociology The level of analysis that studies large-scale social structures in order to determine how they affect the lives of groups and individuals.
quantitative research Research that translates the social world into numbers that can be treated mathematically; this type of research often tries to find cause-and-effect relationships.
qualitative research Research that works with nonnumerical data such as texts, fieldnotes, interview transcripts, photographs, and tape recordings; this type of research more often tries to understand how people make sense of their world.
sociological imagination A quality of the mind that allows us to understand the relationship between our particular situation in life and what is happening at a social level.
culture shock A sense of disorientation that occurs when you enter a radically new social or cultural environment.
beginner's mind Approaching the world without preconceptions in order to see things in a new way.
everyday actor One who has the practical knowledge needed to get through daily life but not necessarily the scientific or technical knowledge of how things work.
macrosociology __________ is the level of analysis that studies large-scale social structures in order to determine how they affect the lives of groups and individuals.
microsociology __________ is the level of analysis that studies face-to-face and small-group interactions in order to understand how those interactions affect the larger patterns and institutions of society.
The social analyst would investigate everyday assumptions to gain a more complete understanding of them. What factor primarily differentiates the everyday actor from the social analyst?
beginners mind Approaching the world without any preconceptions in order to see things in a new way is called:
glass escalator According to the research of Christine Williams, men in female-dominated positions tend to experience the __________ effect.
limits on the advancement of women in the workplace. The glass ceiling effect refers to the:
quantitative research. The U.S. Census would be considered an example of: a)qualitative research. b)inclusional research. c)quantitative research. d)nonuseful research.
rapid rate of upward mobility for men in female-dominated workplaces. The glass escalator effect refers to the:
political science Which of the following is an example of a social science? a)biology b)political science c)physics d)neurology
the study of human society and social behavior. Sociology is defined as:
society A group of people who share their lives in aggregated and patterned ways that distinguish them from other groups is a:
research that translates the social world into numbers and often tries to find cause and effect relationships. Quantitative research is:
culture shock A sense of disorientation that occurs when you enter a radically new social or cultural environment is called:
glass ceiling According to the research of Christine Williams, women in male-dominated positions tend to experience the __________ effect.
radio and television were creating new kinds of social bonds, bringing people together as if they all belonged to the same small tribe. Marshall McLuhan coined the term “global village” to describe how:
Our sense of self derives in part from our membership in society. Which of the following is true according to Howard Becker’s definition of sociology? a)Sociology is the study of people “doing things alone b)Our sense of self derives in part from our membership in society.
sociological imagination A quality of the mind that allows us to understand the relationship between our particular situation in life and what is happening at a societal level is called:
They wanted to learn about democracy in the United States so that French citizens could learn from America’s strengths and weaknesses Why did Alexis de Tocqueville and Gustave de Beaumont travel to the United States in 1831?
mass media and popular culture. According to the textbook, the central feature of postmodern society may be a)heavy industry. b)mass media and popular culture. c)economic uncertainty. d)violent revolutions.
qualitative research. Participant observation is an example of: a)qualitative research. b)inclusional research. c)quantitative research. d)nonuseful research.
research that works with nonnumerical data and often tries to understand how people make sense of their social world. Qualitative research is:
Created by: hkrawietz