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Anatomy-Chapter 5

actin protein that, with myosin, contracts muscle fibers
adipose fat-storing tissue
chondrocyte cartilage cells
cilia microscopic, hair-like processes on exposed surfaces of certain epithelial cells
collagen protein in white fibers of connective tissues and in bone matrix
cytology study of cells
elastin protein that comprises the yellow, elastic fibers of connective tissue
erythrocytes red blood cells
histology study of tissues
intercalated disc membranous boundary between cardiac muscle cells
intercellular space tissue space between cells other than blood cells
leukocyte white blood cells
ligaments cord or sheet of connective tissue binding two or more bones at a joint
muscle fiber myocytes
myocyte muscle cell
myosin protein that, with actin, contracts muscle fibers
neuroglial specialized cell of the nervous system that produces myelin, communicates between cells and maintains the ionic environment
neurons nerve cell
osseous bone tissue
osteocyte bone cell
plasma fluid portion of circulating blood
simple only one layer
squamous flat
stratified two or more layers
striated striped
tapered smaller on ends
tendons connects muscles to bones
thrombocyte platelet
tissue group of similar cells working together to perform a function
voluntary can be consciously controlled
goblet cells-what they are, where they're found, and what they do flask-shaped glandular cells that are scattered among the columnar cells of simple columnar epithelium and secretes mucus onto the free surface of the tissue to protect it
four general types of tissues connective, epithelium, muscular and nervous
three main characteristics of connective tissue cells are not closely packed, commonly contains blood vessels, lots of matrix
three main characteristics of epithelium tissues lacks blood vessels, rapid division, cells are closely packed together
three main characteristics of muscular tissues contractile, involuntary or voluntary, striated or non-striated
three main characteristics of nervous tissue conducts impulses, star-shaped, cytoplasmic extensions
simple squamous flat and irregular cells, broad and thin nuclei; alveoli, walls of capillaries, linings of blood and lymph vessels
simple cuboidal epithelium cube-shaped, large, round nuclei; surface of ovaries, linings of kidney tubules and linings of ducts of certain glands
simple columnar elongated cells; linings of uterus, stomach and intestines
stratified squamous thick tissue, new cells push older cells out; skin, mouth, throat, vagina, and anal canal
stratified columnar cilia and goblet cells; trachea
stratified cuboidal two or more layers of cube-shaped cells; pancreas and ovaries
transitional epithelium changes in response to tension; inner lining of urinary bladder and lining of ureters and part of urethra
loose connective fibroblasts with collagenous and elastic fibers; beneath skin, between muscles, and beneath epithelial tissues
adipose large, oil-filled cells; beneath skin, around kidneys, behind eyeballs, on surface of heart
dense connective lots of collagenous fibers, whitish; tendons and ligaments, deeper layers of skin
carilage chondrocytes in gel matrix; nose, ends of bones, rings in the walls of respiratory passages
bone osteocytes in Calcium Carbonate matrix; bones of skeletons
blood erythrocytes, leukocytes, thrombocytes in plasma; located throughout the body in a closed system of blood vessels and heart chambers
skeletal made of actin and myosin, voluntary; attached to bones
smooth involuntary, uninucleated; hollow internal organs
cardiac branched fibers, intercalated disks, involuntary; heart
nervous neurons and neuroglial cells, conducts impulses; nerves, spinal cord, brain
Created by: ewilham