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A & P Intro

Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary

Which two systems coordinate or control the other body systems? Nervous and Endocrine
Dorsal Cavity Includes the cranial (brain) and vertebral (spinal cord) cavities.
Cephalic Region Head Area
Gluteal Region Buttocks Area
Endocrine System Works with the nervous system to coordinae body functions. Includes the hormonal glands and hormones.
Inferior Below something else; ex: feet are inferior to knees
Superior Above something else; ex: head is superior to neck
Immune/Lymphatic System Helps protect the body from disease
Ventral is the same as ________ in humans anterior
Dorsal is the same as _________ in humans posterior
Pedal Region Foot area
Posterior Towards your back
Anterior Towards your front
Pectoral Region Chest area
The transverse plane divides the body into _____________________ segments Superior (top) and Inferior (bottom)
The sagittal plane divides the body into _____________________ segments Left and Right
The coronal plane divides the body into _______ and ________ segments Anterior (front) and Posterior (back)
Lateral Away from the middle
Medial Towards the midline of the body
Supine Laying face up or laying on your back
Prone Laying face down or on your stomach
Viscera organs
Femoral Region the upper leg area
Nervous system works with the endocrine system to control body functions; includes brain, spinal cord, and nerves
Homeostasis The ability of the body to maintain a relatively stable internal environment
Tissue a group of similar cells performing a specialized function
Cardiovascular system System responsible for transporting nutrients, oxygen, and waste materials around the body; includes heart, blood and blood vessels
Abdominopelvic cavity includes abdominal cavity (stomach, digestive organs, kidneys and pelvic cavity (bladder rectum, reproductive organs)
Brachial region Upper arm area
Lumbar region lower back area
Patellar region Knee area
Integumentary system Includes skin, hair and nails; barrier against infection
Proximal closer to the trunk; ex: knees are proximal to the feet
Distal further away from the trunk; ex: feet are distal to knees
Diaphragm Muscles that seperates the thoracic and abdominal cavities
Anatomical position standing upright with the palms facing forward
Created by: vanessa.hood