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Medical Terms & Definitions

BID Two times/day
Central Line A catheter placed into a large vein in the neck (internal jugular vein), chest (subclavian vein), or groin (femoral vein).
CT or CAT Scan Computerized Tomography / Computerized Axial Tomography. A 3-dimensional x-ray test that views the soft organs.
Echo Echocardiogram. A test that uses sound waves to see the heart & its main arteries & veins.
EEG Electroencephalogram. A test to see the patterns of electrical waves in the brain.
EKG Electrocardiogram. A test to see the electrical patterns in the heart.
Heplock Heparin lock. A cap that goes on an IV that is not in use. The medicine Heparin is put in it to keep blood from clotting in the tube, so the IV can be used again.
HS Hour of sleep / at bedtime.
Hyperal or TPN Hyperalimentation / Total Parenteral Nutrition. Nutrition given by IV. Food through the vein.
I&O Intake & Output. The measure of fluids that go into the body & the fluids that come out.
IMed / Plum Pump The machine that measures and controls the amount of fluid that goes through an IV.
LP Lumbar Puncture or Spinal Tap. A test where a little fluid is taken from around the spine, to check for disease.
MRI Magnetic Response Imaging. A test that uses magnetic waves to see inside the body.
NPO Nothing by mouth (not allowed to eat or drink)
PO By mouth
PRN As needed
QD Every day
QID Four times / day
Short stay A hospital admission of 23 hours or less.
TID Three times / day
UGI Upper Gastrointestinal Radiography. A test that uses x-ray to see how the GI tract is working.
Aortic valve The valve that prevents blood from flowing back into the heart from the aorta.
Appendectomy Appy / removing appendix.
Asystole A condition where there is no activity from the heart (muscle or electrical)
Atropine A drug used to resolve slow heart beats (bradycardia) or as part of resuscitation.
Bradycardia An abnormally slow heart beat (less than 60 bpm)
Cardiomyopathy Heart muscle disease
myo muscle
pathy disease
CBC Complete Blood Count
Internal jugular vein A large vein in the neck
Subclavian A large vein in the chest
Cholecystectomy Surgical removal of the gallbladder.
Crike Cricothyrotomy. A procedure when the throat is cut to insert a direct tube for breathing when intubation is not possible due to blockage in the throat.
Ectopia Cordis A birth defect where the heart is abnormally located, typically outside the chest, but still attached to the body through a split sternum.
Epinephrine / Epi A hormone release in the body in response to stress, used for resuscitation .
Laparoscopic A minimally invasive surgery / small incision like in appendectomies or cholecystectomies.
Laparotomy Cutting into the abdomen to gain access to the organs.
Metastasis / Mets The spread of a disease from one organ or part to an adjacent organ or part.
Tachycardia An abnormally high heart rate (adults = above 100 bpm)
Created by: ncaptiva