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Exploring Anatomy

Exploring Creation with Human Anatomy and Physiology

QuestionAnswer
Anatomy The study of the body, all it's parts, and how it's put together
Physiology The study of how all the parts of the body work
Cadaver Dead human body, usually used for dissection
Spontaneous generation The idea that life could come from non-living things
Cells (definition) The basic building blocks of life
Hippocrates Ancient Greek who is considered "the Father of Modern Medicine"
Aristotle Greek philosopher and scientist who supported the idea of spontaneous generation
Galen Roman doctor for gladiators; dissected animals to help him understand anatomy better
Andreas Vesalius anatomy professor who dissected cadavers
Anton van Leeuwenhoek built a microscope that magnified objects up to 200x; known as the “Father of microbiology”
Cell membrane (function) surrounds the cell and determines what can enter and exit the cell (like the wall of a city)
Cytoplasm (function) the jelly-like substance that the organelles float in
Mitochondria (function) produces energy for the cell (like the power plant of a city)
Lysosomes (function) break down substances such as: 1) invaders, 2)old organelles, and 3) large chemicals
Golgi bodies (function) package and store proteins and fats
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (function) transports substances throughout the cell
Rough endoplasmic reticulum (function) transports substances throughout the cell; contains ribosomes
Ribosomes (function) make proteins
Centrioles (function) help the cell to reproduce for growth or repair
Nucleus (function) the control center of the cell; contains DNA, RNA, and the nucleolus
Nuclear membrane (function) surrounds the nucleus; determines what can enter and exit the nucleus
Nucleolus (function) makes ribosomes
DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid
The main job of DNA is to tell the cell what proteins to make and how to do it (remember, proteins control your body)
DNA Contains all the information about a person (like a book)
Nucleotides (letters) make up genes (words)
Genes (words)make up DNA (book)
DNA is packed into chromosomes (different volumes of a series)
Each human cell has 46 chromosomes
Everyone’s DNA is different (except identical twins)
Almost every cell in your body has the same DNA
RNA stands for ribonucleic acid
RNA is a messenger that copies the information from the DNA in the nucleus and brings it out to the ribosomes
Different cells need (hint - energy) different amounts of energy; for example muscle cells have more mitochondria than skin cells
Each cell in your body was copied from _______ the original cell that made you.
Cells begin to differentiate by (when?) the first week of life (they form different tissues).
What are the four main tissue types? Nervous, Muscular, Connective, Eppithelial
Nervous tissue (examples) brain, spinal cord, nerves
Muscular tissue (examples) muscles
Connective tissue (examples) connects things
Epithelial tissue (examples) skin, lining of many organs
How many organ systems does the body have? 11
Created by: ewmktj