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Human Growth

An example of mental development is ____. solving problems
An example of emotional development is ____. expressing fear and excitement
The reflex that occurs when an infant reacts to a loud noise or sudden movement is the ____. Moro reflex
A psychological disorder in which a person alternately binges and then fasts is ____. bulimia
When a dying person says, “The lab tests are wrong, I can’t have leukemia,” the person is probably in the stage of dying known as ____. denial
The basic needs required by every human being to sustain life are ____. physiological needs
When a dying person says, “Just let me live until my son graduates from college,” the person is probably in the stage of dying known as ____. bargaining
When people have attained their full potential, or are what they want to be, they have met the need for ____. self-actualization
An example of the defense mechanism called projection may be ____. “I’m late because my car wouldn’t start.”
If you ask for a transfer to another area because you do not like your supervisor, this is an example of the defense mechanism known as ____. withdrawal
The exchange of information, thoughts, ideas, and feelings is ____. communication
Which of the following factors does not interfere with the communication process? properly working hearing aid
Which of the following is not an example of a communication barrier? minor or child status
An example of a psychological barrier to communication is ____. a negative attitude and constant criticism
An example of a subjective observation is ____. Mr. Mendez says he is very warm
Progression from self-centeredness concept to recognition of others in the environment Infancy
Emotional development is often stormy and in conflict Adolescence
Frequently the most productive life stage with physical development basically complete Early adulthood
Physical development is on the decline, and all body systems are usually affected Late adulthood
Respond to discomforts such as pain, cold, or hunger by crying Infancy
Learn bladder and bowel control Early childhood
Tend to be more group-oriented and form groups with members of own sex Late childhood
Females experience menopause, and males may experience the male climacteric Middle adulthood
Begin to make decisions based on logic rather than on trial and error Early childhood
Social development usually involves spending less time with family and more time with peer groups Adolescence
Deals with independence, makes career choices, selects a marital partner, and starts a family Early adulthood
Playing alongside other children is more common than playing with other children Early childhood
Secondary sexual characteristics develop in both males and females Adolescence
Most of the primary teeth are lost, and permanent teeth erupt Late childhood
Family relationships often decline as children begin lives of their own and parents die Middle adulthood
show interest and concern, be alert and maintain eye contact, avoid interrupting the speaker, pay attention to what speaker is saying, Techniques that can be used to learn good listening skills.
Elements of the communication process. sender, message, receiver
Rationalization reasonable excuse or acceptable explanation for behavior
Projection placing blame on someone else or circumstances
displacement transferring feelings about one person to someone else
compensation substitution of one goal for another
daydreaming dreamlike thought process that occurs when a person is awake
repression transfer of unacceptable or painful ideas, feelings, and thoughts into the unconscious mind
suppression refusing to deal with unacceptable feelings or thoughts
denial disbelief of an event or idea that is too frightening or shocking for a person to cope with
withdrawal ceasing to communicate or physically removing self from a situation
discussion should explain ways to deal with beliefs and practices regarding health and illness, language differences, eye contact while communicating, ways of dealing with terminal illness or disability, and the use of touch ways cultural diversity can interfere with the communication process
physiological, safety, love and affection, esteem, self-actualization five levels of needs in Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, starting with the lowest level and ending with the highest level.
“No, not me!” denial
occurs when person is no longer able to deny death anger
occurs when person accepts death but wants more time to live bargaining
occurs when person realizes that death will come soon and goals will not be completed depression
occurs when person accepts fact that death will occur acceptance
occurs when person cannot accept reality of death or feels loved ones cannot accept the truth; denial
strikes out at anyone who comes in contact with them; anger
frequently turns to religion and spiritual beliefs; bargaining
tries to complete unfinished business and help those around him or her deal with death acceptance
law that allows adults who have terminal illnesses to instruct their doctors, in writing, to withhold treatments that might prolong life; “right to die”
ceasing to communicate or physically removing self from a situation withdrawal
unhealthy if used all the time and substituted for more effective ways of dealing with situations defense mechanisms
placing blame on someone else or circumstances projection
allows the individual to cope with a certain situations defense mechanisms
substitution of one goal for another; compensation
dreamlike thought process that occurs when a person is awake; daydreaming
transferring feelings about one person to someone else displacement
disbelief of an event or idea that is too frightening or shocking for a person to cope with suppression
transfer of unacceptable or painful ideas, feelings, and thoughts into the unconscious mind; repression:
refusing to deal with unacceptable feelings or thoughts; suppression
three elements of communication ender, message, receiver
L: learn about end-of-life services and care; I: implement plans or advanced directives to ensure wishes are honored; V: voice decisions; E: engage others in conversations about end-of-life care options The National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization has a LIVE promise. What do the letters indicate?
How does the defense mechanism of regression work? involves retreating to an earlier developmental level in order to feel more safety and security than is experienced at the current level; for example, an 8-year-old might revert to thumb sucking to avoid conflict or stress
Created by: Health Science
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