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AH Skeletal System

QuestionAnswer
What bones are apart of the pelvis? ilium, ischium,pubis
What is the shaft of the long bone called? diaphysis
What is the longest bone in the body? Femur
Knee Cap is called? Patella
What are the cranial bones? frontal, temperal,parital,occipital
What are the bones of the lower arm and what are their locations? radius=thumb; ulna=pinky
What is the periosteum? outside covering of the bone
Breast bone is called? Sternum
What makes up the Appenicular and Axial Skeleton? Appenidicular=Shoulder girdle, arms, pelvis, legs; Axial= Skull, spine, ribs, sternum
What are the finger bones called? phalanges
Define Rotation, supination, pronation, circumduction. Rotation-around; Supination-on back; Pronation- stomach; Circumduction-all
What is the only movable bone in the head and is invloved in chewing? mandible
What is the function of synovial fluid? provides movement and lubricates the joint and reduces friction
Define hemopoiesis. making red blood cells
Define flexion, extension, abduction, and addiction. Flexion-bend; extension- straighten; abduction- away; adduction-toward
What is dense bone and porousbone called? Spongy
Define Sutures. Connective tissue that holds our skull together
Define the different types of joints and their functions. diarthruses-moveable; umpiarthroses-partialy moveable; synaarthroses-nonmovable
What are are the microscopic cells that bones are composed of called? Osteocytes
Name the functions of the skeletal system. protection, frame work, lever, mineral storage, hemopoiesis
Define contusion, greenstick fracture, sprain, fracture and dislocation contusion-bruise; greenstick fracture-noncomplete; sprain-sudden movement and torn ligaments; fracture-break; dislocation-lose from joint
Define kyposois, lordosis,osteoporosis, and scoliosis. Kyposois-hucnch back, Lordosis-Sway Back, Osteoporosis-brittle bones, Scoliosis-abnormal curved
Define comminuted fracture, compound fracture, closed fracture, and simple fracture. Comminuted-little pieces, Compound- through the skin, Closed-through bone, Simple-Same as closed
What is the fracture called when the bone is broken into many pieces? Comminuted
What is the painful inflammation of the joints called? arthritis
What is the main reason for applying a cast? immobolilize
What happens during osteoporosis? generation of the bones
Created by: ashleyrachel