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Science Chapter 3

test prep

What is a large body of air that has nearly the same temperature and humidity throughout called? air mass
What is the weight of air called? air pressure
What is the layer of air that surrounds the earth called? atmosphere
What is the process by which a gas changes back into a liquid called? condensation
What is the process by which a liquid changes into gas? evaporation
What is a short term climate change that happens every two to ten years called? El Nino
A process by which the Earth's atmosphere absorbs heat greenhouse effect
a measure of the amount of water in the air humidity
the winds dependent upon local changes in temperature local winds
the climate of a very small area microclimate
the global winds that blow constantly from the same direction prevailing winds
the boundary between air masses front
any form of water that falls from clouds precipitation
The hypothesized rise in Earth's temperature from excess carbon dioxide global warming
Wind is caused by... uneven heating of the Earth's surface on land and on water
Air pressure, humidity, wind direction, wind speed, precipitation, and cloud type make up the... weather
most weather occurs... in the troposphere
The average of all weather conditions through all seasons over a period of time is... climate
What produces the greenhouse effect? carbon dioxide given off when fuels are burned
as air warms, does air pressure increase or decrease? decrease
Wind is caused when air... moves from an area of higher pressure to an area of lower pressure
Florida is warmer than Maine because... it's closer to the equator
Which direction does the prevailing wind in the U.S. travel? West to East
Which area has the highest humidity? a grassy area, a woods, or a parking lot a woods
In the day time, the wind blows toward the land
In the night time, the wind blows toward the sea
Created by: mandygarola