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Police Driving

FDLE Police Academy - High Liability Driving

QuestionAnswer
PSI stands for? Pounds per square inch
Officers might have to handle problems themselves such as... Changing a tire, bulb, or adding fluids
What should be inspected daily prior to operating the vehicle? Belts, hoses, and wires
What should the officer check prior to and after each shift? The back seat
Most common accident that officers are involved in? Backing
Vision supplies approximately ___% of incoming data to the driver 90-95%
Acuity is... Sharpness of vision
Depth Perception is... Ability to judge distance and percieve space to determine how far an object is
Peripheral Vision is... Ability to see above, below, and to the sides.
Color Vision is... Ability to distinguish colors
Night Vision is... Ability to see clearly in the darkness
Medical Conditions that can weaken a driver's observation skills are... High blood pressure, diabetes, heart conditions, or epilepsey
Temporary factors that can weaken a driver's observation skills are... Stress, emotions, fatigue, and frequent shift changes
When an officer cannot avoid striking an obstacle, the officer should strike it at... A slight angle
Should high beam or low beam lights be used during foggy conditions? Low beam
A phantom vehicle is... A vehicle that pulls out suddenly, forcing the driver to take evasive action to avoid a collision
If forced off the road the safest objects to hit are... Bushes, small trees, fences, objects moving in the same direction, trees signs, or a parked car
What is the name of the rule that establishes a safe minimum following distance during good road conditions? Two second rule
What is the name of the rule that establishes a safe minimum following distance during poor road conditions? Four second rule
Pitch is... Weight transfer from front to rear or vice versa which occurs during acceleration or braking.
Roll is... (not the thing you eat) Vehicle's weight shifts from side to side usually during turns
Yaw is... The end to end motion on a horizontal plane
Radius is... Distance from center of a circle to the outside of the circle
Increasing Radius is... A turn that gets wider during the turn
Decreasing Radius is... A turn that gets tighter during the turn
Constant Radius turn is... a turn that remains the same throughout (for example a 90 degree turn at an intersection)
Apex is... The center point of any curve
Early Apexing is... Vehicle is steered so it is closest to the inside of the curve before reaching the apex
Center Apexing is... Vehicle is steered so it is closest to the middle of the curve before reaching the apex
Late Apexing is... Vehicle is steered so it is closest to the outside of the curve before reaching the apex
Which is the best Apexing Technique? Late Apexing
Centripetal Force is... The force that is necessary to keep a vehicle moving in a curved path and is directed INWARDS toward the center of rotation
Centrifugal Force is... The force that is necessary to keep a vehicle moving in a curved path and is directed OUTWARDLY from the center of rotation
Under Steer is... The tendancy of the vehicle to turn less sharply than the driver intends
Over Steer is... The tendancy of the vehicle to turn more sharply than the driver intends
Wheel Tracking is... an occurence that causes the rear wheels to follow a tighter path in relation from the front wheels traveled in a turn
The hand placement on the steering wheel should be at... 8 and 4 o'clock
The proper style of steering, that helps the officer maintain control of the steering wheel is... Shuffle Steering
Caster Effect is... the forward motion that causes a vehicle to straighten from a turn when releasing the steering wheel
Does the Caster Effect apply in driving backwards also? No
Eye Targeting or Optical driving is... looking in the desired direction of travel to avoid an obstacle and steering in that direction
Threshold Braking is... pressing the brake pedal lightly while applying gradually increasing pressure to stop or slow as quickly as possible without locking brakes or engaging ABS
Incipient Skid is... just before the tires lose traction during braking and the tires lock causing loss of steering control and a skid
Anti-lock braking system (ABS) is... a computerized enhancement that automatically slows or stops the vehicle
Incipient Spin is... a spin that occurs before the drive tires lose traction during acceleration
Rolling Friction is... The friction generated by the tires constantly rotating on the road surface without losing contact
Skid is... when the wheels lock and do not turn while vehicle is moving
Slide is... Wheels are rotating but do not control vehicle movement. Caused by loss of traction and rolling friction.
Driving in reverse requires MORE or LESS input to produce a change in direction? Less
While responding to an emergency call, officers are required to use... an audiable signal OR blue/red lights
While operating a vehicle in emergency mode the officer may... 1) Park or stand illegally 2)run a red light or stop sign 3)exceed speed limits 4)disregard regulations regarding movement in specified directions
Although officers are empowered to where they may disregard laws other motorists must abide by, they must remember: You must drive with due regard for safety of all persons and don't protect an officer from the consequences of their reckless disregard for safety of others.
What is the most common night driving error? Overdriving of vehicle headlights
Low beam headlights project approxmiately ___ feet 150
High beam headlights project approximately ___ feet 450
How does night driving affect the reaction distance? Reaction time remains the same however lack of light increases the time required to initally observe a hazard
Less light ______ the field of vision narrows
At night the loss of visual cues causes officer's to: lower their ability to judge distance and speed of oncoming traffic
Glare can be reduced by: Looking to the right
Psychological Stress of driving in emergency mode consists of: Exceeding vehicles ability by "catching bad guy at any cost or get there before anyone else"
Phsyiological effects of driving in emergency mode consist of: tunnel vision, selective hearing, increased heart rate, time distortion, loss of spatial awareness or fine motor skills
Officers should always offset their vehicle to the ____ of the available roadway but within their lane Left
Pursuit is: An active attempt by a LEO driving an AEV to apprehend the occupants of a moving vehicle. Subject must increase speed, take evasive action, or refuse to stop to avoid arrest.
Whos decision is it to initiate a pursuit? The officer's
DeShaney v Winnebago relates to: Officer's must assume responsibility for an arrestees safety and keep them reasonably safe from harm after they have restricted the arrestees freedom of movement
Pinnelas Park v Brown relates to: Law enforcement has a duty to protect the public when choosing to continue a pursuit (unmarked car hit a civilian vehicle white attempting to get ahead of the pursit "doctorine of negligence")
Brower v Inyo County relates to: certain pursuit tactics might result in a claim of a constitional violation as a seizure by deadly force. (18 wheeler road block near a curve)
What other case is relevant to Brower v Inyo County? Tennessee v Garner
Sacramento v Lewis: Officers may be liable if their actions "shock the conscience" of the court. For a pursuit, the officer must have intended to cause harm to the violator withouth justification for the use of deadly force.
The "balancing test" came as a result of which case? Sacramento v Lewis
What is the "balancing test"? What officers must consider to engage, continue, or terminate a pursuit.
Scott v Harris: PIT manuver was used to stop a violator for a traffic offense at a higher speed than reccomended for the PIT manuver. Officer was not indicted on any charges.
Pursuit has 5 conclusions: 1) Violator stops voluntarily 2) Violator is stopped involuntarily 3) Officer terminates the pursuit 4) Violator crashes 5) Officer crashes
3 Pursuit Termination Techniques are: Roadblocks, Tire deflation devies, or PIT
Roadblock is: the use of vehicles, barrivades, cones or other objects used to block traffic. Purpose is to demonstrate police superiority.
PIT is: using officers vehicle to apply force to side of violator's vehicle to end puruit
PIT stands for: Pursuit Immobilization Technique
Can all officers use the PIT manuver? No, only properly trained officers with the support of agency policy
Created by: rrausch