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68WM6 Repro

Reproductive System

QuestionAnswer
functions of the testes sperm production; testosterone production
stores sperm cells until they mature epididymis
transports sperm; makes up the spermatic cord vas deferens
secretes slightly alkaline fluid which comprises 60% of semen volume seminal vesicle
short tube beginning at seminal vesicle and ending in the prostate gland; transports sperm and seminal fluid to the urethra ejaculatory duct
secretes thin milky alkaline fluid which promotes sperm motility prostate gland
2 structures located below the prostate gland that lubricate the end of penis for intercourse cowpers glands
sperm ned to develop in a region that is how much lower than body temperature 2-3 degrees
pair of dorsally located cylinders of erectile tissue corpora cavernosa
single cylinder of erectile tissue, surrounds the urethra and forms the glans penis corpora sponiosum
release progesterone and estrogen ovaries
pair of ducts opening at one end into the fundus, the other into the peritoneal cavity fallopian tubes
fingerlike progections attached to the lateral end of the ovary fimbrae
funnel shaped region of the fallopian tubes near the ovary infundibulum
move the egg cell to the uterus cilia
large midsection of uterus body
upper rounded portion of of body superior to the fallopian tubes fundus
smaller narrow end of uterus extending into the upper portion of the vagina cervix
three layer of uterine wall endometrium, myometrium, perimetrium
protects inner structures, contains sensory nerve endings, sebaceous and sudoriferous glands of the female reproductive system labia majora
function of this organ is sexual arousal (female) clitoris
lubricates vagina for sexual intercourse bartholin's glands
specialized glands that secrete milk following pregnancy mammary
hormone that causes milk production prolactin
hormone that allows milk to be released oxytocin
endometrial tissue in various places in the pelvic cavity endometriosis
signs and symptoms of endometriousis include pain, menstrual irregularities, and bleeding associated with menstrual cycle
treatment fo endometriosis contraceptives, pregnancy, surgery, ovulation suppression
this medication should not be used for pain associated with endometriosis aspirin
fistula connecting urethra to vagina urethrovaginal
fistula connecting bladder to vagina vesicovaginal
fistula connecting rectum to vagina rectovaginal
signs and symptoms of fistula urine, feces or flatus from vagina
cystocele, rectocele, prolapse, urethrocele, and enterocele are all caused by relaxed pelvic floor muscles
firm rubber doughnut shaped device that is inserted into the upper vagina to reposition and give support to the uterus pessary
three types of uterine displacement anteflexion, retroversion, retroflexion
white or clear discharge from the vagina leukorrhea
absence of mensruation amenorrhea
painful menstruation dysmenorrhea
removal of a fallopian tube salpingectomy
functions of estrogen growth and development of female sex organs, maintainance of secondary sex characteristics
metabolic effects of estrogen lowers choleterol, aids in protein synthesis, and causes retention of sodium and water
contraindications of estrogen thromboembolism, vaginal bleeding, liver dysfunction, pregnancy, lactation, breast cancer (estrogen dependent)
indications for methroxyprogesterone decrease endometrial hyperplasia, treatment of amenorrhea and abnormal uterine bleedidng
contraindications to medroxyprogesterone pregnancy, thromboembolism, CV disease, liver disease, cancer
side effects of medroxyprogesterone weight gain, edema, bone loss
indications for megestrol endometrial or brease carcinoma; treatment of anorexia, weight loss, and cachexia associated with AIDS
contraindications of megestrol pregnancy, lactation, vaginal bleeding, liver disease
women with diabetes are more prone to this vaginitis
types of vaginitis bacterial, fungal, estrogen loss with age
bacterial vaginitis s/s milky discharge with odor
T. vaginalis vaginitis s/s profuse, foamy discharge
C. albicans vaginitis s/s thick cheese-like discharge
inflammation or infection of the cervix cervicitis
s/s of cervicitis leukorrhea, dyspareuneia, back pain
any acute, subacute, recurrent, or chronic infection of the cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes or uterus that has extended to the connective tissues lying between the broad ligaments PID
s/s of PID malodorous, purulent discharge, backache, pelvic/abdominal pain, fever, chills, malaise, nausea, vomiting
PID treatment antibiotics, palliative measures
causes TSS staphylococcus aureus
s/s of TSS high fever, chills, myalgia, red, macular palmar rash
to avoid TSS, it is recommended that tampons be changed how often? every 4 hours
contraindications to antifungal agents liver failure, kidney failure
all women should do a BSE how often every month
BSE should be timed for how long after menses 3-8 days
annual mammograms should begin at what age? 40
inflammation of breast tissue mastitis
most common benign breast lesion fibrycystic breast (cystic mastitis or mammary dysplasia)
solid benign mass of connective tissue and glandular tissue fibroadenoma
s/s of fibroadenoma painless, nontender, encapsulated mobile lump
acute mastitis is usually caused by staph or strep
acute mastits most often occurs during lactation
treatment of acute mastitis warm packs, good bra, antibiotics
condition in which the prepuce is to small to allow retraction of the foreskin over the glans phimosis
accumulation of fluid between the membranes covering the testicle and the membrane enclosing the testicle hydrocele
dilated veins within the scrotum varicocele
twisting of the spermatic cord resulting in a kinking of the artery, compromising blood flow to the testicle testicular torsion
key sign of testicular torsion pain on elevation
men should perform a TSE monthly beginning at what age 15
the inability of an adult man to achieve penile erection impotence
a common sign of excessive androgen use fluid retention
acute or chronic infection of the prostate gland prostatitis
in prostatitis, the pH of prostate fluid is generally elevated
inflammation of the epididymis epididymitis
s/s of epididymitis pain, scrotal edema/tenderness, pyuria, "duck walk"
infections that are usually transmitted during intimate sexual contact STI's
s/s of this STI include vesicular lesions of the genitals or anus that heal spontaneous after 7 to 10 days herpes
3 medications used in the treatment of herpes acyclovir, valacyclovir, famciclyvir (zovirax, valtrex, famvir)
s/s of primary syphilis chancre
s/s of secondary syphilis rashes on body
s/s of latent syphilis dementia, leg pain
preferred medical management of syphilis penicillin
preferred medical management of gonorrhea ceftriaxone (rocephin), cefixime (suprax)
preferred medical management of trichmoniasis metronidazole (flagyl)
what should a patient avoid while taking flagyl? alcohol
cure for HPV there isn't one
mild fungal infection caused by candida albicans or candida tropicalis candidiasis
treatment for candidiasis nystatin (mycostatin)
medications for chlamydia tetracycline, doxycycline, azithromycin, erythromycin
drug of choice for treatment of chlamydia during pregnancy erythromycin
a person with gonorrhea most likely also has chlamydia
thia medication can turn the urine dark brown or aroange flagyl
failure rate of depo 3%
depo is not recommended to be used for more than 2 years
leading contraceptive method used in the US oral contraceptives
these oral contraceptives contain only progesterone mini-pills
how long should contraceptive patches be used for 1 week each for three weeks, then 1 week without a patch
how long is nuva-ring left in place 3 weeks, then removed for 1 week
emergency contraceptives are most effective if used within how many hours? 72
emergency contraceptives CAN be used up to how many hours after sex? 120
how long should a sponge remain in place after sex? 6 hours
how long can a cervical cap remain in place? 48 hours
how often should a cervical cap be replaced every 2 years
Created by: ewoff85