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NC Police exam 1

Multiculturalism and Human Relations, Prof. Policing, Prof. and Ethics.

QuestionAnswer
Standards that form our orientation to the world around us are: values
Some people hold the view that all people are entitled to equal basic rights and dignities simply because: they are human beings
______ is an organized and relatively unchanging combination of a person's knowledge and feelings about someone or something that influences him or her to behave in a certain way in regard to that person or thing: attitude
The attitude that one's own culture or group is by nature superior is called: ethnicentrism
An unfounded generalization about a spacific category of people is: prejudice
Feeling of superiority, seeing others as strange and diffrent, propietary claims and fear are four basic feelings or attitudes harbored by who? By most prejudice persons
______ generally refers to groups of people with common ancestry and characteristics such as skin color and physical features: race
Although the idea of race is expressed primarily in terms of physical characterstics, it is also substantially determined by: popular social definition
Customary beliefs, social norms and meterial traits of a racial, religious or social group consitute: culture
_____ refers to shared culture and background. Mambers of a particular group usually have common ancestry and generally share language, religion and other cultural patterns. ethnicity
Finding someone else to blame for one's own problems and misfortunes is known as: scapegoating
The_____ investigates claims that peace officers violated the civil rights if a person. FBI
The morality governing an individual or group is: an ethic
A cultural heritage that sets certain individuals apart from others in a variety of social relationships shared by a catergory of people is: ethnicity
Culture can be defined as: a way of thinking and acting based on tradition. Learned behavior passed down from one generation to another
______ provides a source of egotistic satisfaction, through comparing others with oneself. ethnocentrism
Behavior involving unfair and unequal treatment of individuals is: discrimination
The most important expression of cultural symbolism is: language
A field of study that focuses on how people of differing cultures communicates with wach other is called: cross-cultural communication
Peace officerare in a sensitive position regarding impartial law enforcement due, in large measure, to the fact that: they often work alone
_______ is an adverse judement or opinion formed beforehand or without knowledge of or examination of the facts; bias: prejudice
The definition of professionalism includes all of the following except humiliating a person
August Vollmer's goal was to bring______ to the police. professionalism
One of the major innovations that revolutionized the manner in which police were able to respond to citizen's calls for service was the automobile
Which of the following is not one of the elements in the "traditional police service model?" proactive response
The northeast states generally had the "watch and ward" system "________" was daytime, while "_______" was nighttime police. ward/ watch
The increase use of radio and cars for police patrol in the 1900 to 1940 era resulted in a decrease of foot patrols. What impact did this have on the citizens? Decreased citizen contact
TCLEOSE. These letters stand for: Texas Commission on Law Enforcement Officer Standards and Education
Cynism is an attitude that reflects a negative view of life
In the era from 1950 to 1970 the patrol system become: incident driven
To whom is the peace officer responsible? the citizens through chain of command
The police agency seeks opportunites to enhance public service. Which of the following best seeks to accomplish this goal? Community involvement
Stephen F Austin employed a militia group to protect the settlers from Indian and bandit raids. In 1823 this group became known as the Texas Rangers
The long term goal of the law enforcement organization (such as crime prevention, justice for all, and protection of the rights of the individual and society) is that the public is well served
The National Commission on Law Observance and Enforcement, better known as the ________ Commission, reported in 1931 "the greatest promise for the future of policing is the college or university. Wickersham
American policing went through a "reform" era, marked by the contribution of such men as __________, whose goal was to bring professionalism to police. August Vollmer
Texas became a free and independent republic from Mexico after the Battle of __________ in 1836. San Jacinto
Since law enforcement officers cannot be everywhere, citizens must take and active role in ______ Self-protection
While Texas was foverned by Mexican Governors for over one-hundred years, the policing was done by the: Spanish military
During the period between 1900 and 1940 one of the major contributions resulting in a more rapid response by the police was:____ the utilization of the automobile
Bart Shagerly, a field training officer, tells his partner, Nelda Nawman, a officer in training, thathe will not be able to giver her a good evaluation if she does not agree to date him. Shagerly could have what criminal charges filed on him? offical oppression
Peace officers who violate the civil rights of a prisoner by intentionally subjecting a person in custody to a bodily injury have commited a ________ Class A Misdemeanor
The science of morality governing an individual or a group is ethics
Which one of the following statements concerning unethical conduct is true? Slanting testimony to help the district attorney is unethical
Which of the following is not an example of moral courage: facing barricaded, armed subjects
The expression or use of facts without distortion by personal feelings or prejudices is the definition of________ objectivity
Bart Shagertly, a field training officer, tells his partner, Nelda Nawman, a officer in training, that he will not be able to give her a good evaluation if she does not agree to date him. Shagertly could be have what civil charges filed on him? sexual harrassment
A peace officers attitude and actions must be in line with the basic _________ if they are to have a positive effect upon the public moral codes and the laws of the land
Whoever, under color of any law, statute, ordinance, regulation, or custom, willfully subjects any inhabitant of any State, Territory, or District to the deprivation of any rights, privileges or immunities secured or protected by the Constitution or laws fined not more thatn $1,000 or imprisioned not more thatn one year, or both
THe earliest definitions of "professionalism" comes from religion
Police work is an ________ profession honorable
In the study of ethics, it is critical to understant that the ________ is as important as the act motive
Accusations relating to the deprivation of civil rights are generally investigated by: FBI
Unethical conduct on the part of the peace officer can result in federal prosecution. There are specific statutes aimed at peace officers to prevent violations of civil rights. One of these statutes is titled deprivation of tights under color of law
A peace officer who gives materially false information or testimony under oath in a court of law is subject to confinement and/or prision for two to 10 years and may be fined up to $10,000
If you obey the law, you will set a good example for tothers and spare your fellow officers the discomfort of having to intervene in your private affairs
Which of the following is a characteristic of professinalism? service to others
Which of the following has a responsibility to intervene to stop a police officer who is engaging in excessive force in their presence? all peace officers present, regarldess of rank
the ethical role is preformed by being ______ and ethical in personal behavior and in functioning as a representative of the criminal justice system objective
Who are most responsible to ensure that US citizens live under the rule of law and not the rule of human whim? Peace Officers
The reason for a peace officer to do what is right rather than what may be more rewarding financially or simply more expedient is a peace officer's behavior has a great impact on larger numbers of people inside and outside the criminal justice system
Professionalism occurs when:_______ an officer takes pride in himself and his profession and demonstrates an honest desire to be a public servant
To be effective an officer should be objective. Objectivity is lwarned and improved with practice. It involves the expression or use of facts without distortion by personal feelings or prejudice
Created by: chrismayfield