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FCAT Terms & Phrases

FCAT Terms and Phrases

term or phrasemeaning
author's point of view The author's attitude or opinion about the subject; viewpoint.
author's purpose What the author is trying to accomplish through the writing.
cause The reason , or motive, for an action; why something happens.
chart A group of facts about something, set up in the form of a diagram, table, graph, etc.
compare To examine in order to observe or discover similarities and differences
conclusion A reasonable outcome that can be predicted based on one's own knowledge combined with information obtained from the text. Not always directly stated.
contrast To show differences when two or more things are compared.
devices of persuasion Strategies that a writer uses to convince a reader of something (eg. bandwagon, testimonial, plain folks, emotional words)
diagram A drawing that shows how an item is made or how it works.
difference The way in which two or more things are not the same.
effect The result, or consequence, of an action.
fact A statement that can be proven or tested to be true or false.
graph An illustration of quantity or amount and how it relates to another variable (eg. bar graph, circle, line graph).
inference A combination of one's own knowledge and information supplied in the text which leads to a conclusion or generalization about a subject.
main idea The most important point that the writer makes in a reading selection; it can be stated or implied.
map A small - scale representation of an actual piece.
most accurate Based on the information provided .
opposing point of views Opposite ideas or opinions on the same topic.
outcome The result of something ; the way something turns out; the effect.
primary sources An "informational test passage" or "graphic representation" such as a map, chart, photo, graph, illustration, etc. A first - hand source.
relevant/ supporting details The small pieces of information that support, develop, or explain the main idea.
similarity The way in which two or more things are the same.
statistical information A graph or chart representing facts, numbers, or other data.
statistics Facts or data of a numerical kind which represent significant information about a given subject.
true The opposite of false; real.
alliteration The repetition of initial consonant sounds in neighboring words (eg. Betty, the bug, bit Bob, the boy)
central problem The primary struggle, or conflict, faced by the main character in the plot of a literary work.
character A person or animal who takes part in the action of a literary work; also the qualities and traits that define an individual's personality.
character development The ways in which a character changes . or grows, throughout the course of a literary work. A "dynamic" character changes; a "static" character does not change.
conflict The "problem" in a story which triggers the action ; struggle between two opposing forces.
dialogue Conversation between characters in a story, work of nonfiction, nove, or play.
imagery Words and phrases that appeal to the reader's senses.
literary form Also known as Genre (eg. fiction, drama, nonfiction, poetry, short stories, and novels)
major event The most important incidents that occur in a work of literature; events that cause the greatest impact on the characters of a literary work.
metaphor A comparison of two un-like things in which no words of comparison are used (eg. That test was a bear!).
mood The feeling the author wants to convey to the reader through a work of literature (eg. excitement, anger, sadness, happiness, or pity)
nonfiction Prose writing about real people, places, things, and ideas.
personification A figure of speech in which human qualities are attributed to an object, animal, or idea.
plot The sequence of events in a work of literature; the action in a story.
repetition The repeating of sounds , letters, words, or lines, which helps give poetry its meaning , form, and sound.
resolution The final part of a plot; the events in the story that work out the problem or the conflict.
rhyme The similarities or likeness of sound existing between two or more words.
rhythm The pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in poetry; it brings out the musical quality of language and can create a particular mood.
sequence of moods The order in which events occur in a work of literature ; collectively known as the "Plot".
setting The time, place and conditions under which a story takes place.
simile A comparison of two un-like things using the words "like" or "as" (eg. When he's mad, Mr. Z's eyes are like flamming arrows!)
theme The statement about life or human nature a particular work is trying to convey to the reader.
tone The author's attitude toward his/ her subject.
Created by: msmarcoccio