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Medical Term

Terminology

QuestionAnswer
ab- away from, not
acoustic- hearing
acro- extremeties
aden- gland
adnexa- adrenal
adreno- adrenal
aer- air
-algia painful condition, pain
alveoli- cavity
ameb- change
an-, a- without, not
angi- vessel
ante- before
anti- against
antr- cavity
appendic- appendix
arter- artery
arthr- joint
asthenia- weakness
astr- starshaped
aur- ear
auto- self
basi- base
benign mild, not cancerous
bi- two, double, both
bili- bile
blephar- eyelid
brady- slow
bronch- bronchus
bucco- cheek
burso- sac
celc- heel, stone
cantho- angle at the end of the eyelid
carcin- cancer
cardi- heart
caudo- tail
cec- blind passage
-cele hernia
celio- abdomen
-centesis puncture
cephal- head
cerebr- brain
cervic- neck
cheil- lip
cheir- hand
chondr- cartilage
celia- eyelash
cine- move
col- colon
colla- glue
colpo- hollow, vagina
contra- against, counter
cor heart
corne- horny
cost- rib
crani- skull
-crine to secrete
cryo- cold
cut- skin
cyan- blue
cyst- sac containing fluid, bladder
cyt- cell
dacry- tear
dactyl- finger, toe
dendr- tree, branching
dent- teeth
dermat- skin
-desis binding, fixation
digit finger, toe
dors- back
duodeno- duodenum
dura hard
dyn- pain
dynamo- power
dys- bad
-ectasis expansion
ectomy- surgical removal of all or part of
edema- swelling
-emisis vomiting
en- in
encephal- brain
end- inside, within
enter- intestines
ependym wrapping
epi- upon, in addition to
erthro- red
esophag- espophagus
-esthesia sensation
ex- out, away from
fascia sheet, band
fistul- pipe
furca- fork shaped
gangli- swelling
gastro- stomach
gemin- twin
gen- original
gingiv- gum
glom- ball
glosso- tongue
glyco- sweet
grad- walk,take steps
-gram record
gran- grain, particle
gravid pregnant
hallux big toe, great toe
helio- sun
hem(at) blood
hemi- half
hepat liver
histo- tissue
horomone excite
hydro- water
hyper- above, more than normal
hypno sleep
hypo- under
hyster- uterus, womb
-iasis condition
ile- ileum
ili- ilium
infra- beneath
intra- within
inter- between
iris- rainbow
iso- equal
-itis inflammation
kerat horny
labi- lip
lacrim- tear
lact- milk
lal- speech
lapar- abdominal wall
larying- larynx
later- side
leio- smooth
leuk- white
lien- spleen
lig- ligament
lingua- tongue
lip- fat
lith- stone
lobo- section
lumbo- loins
-lysis loosening, destruction
macro- large
macul- spot
mal- bad
-malacia soft, softening, soft condition
malign- bad
mamm- breast
mani- madness
mast- breast
maxilla- upper jaw bone
mechano- machine
megal- enlarged
melan- black
mening- membrane
ment- mind
metabol(e)- change
metro- uterus
micro- small
my- muscle
myco- fungus
myel- marrow, spinal cord
miring- eardrum
neo- new
nephr- kidney
neuro- nerve
ocul- eye
odont- tooth
oid- like
-ologist specialist in the study of
-ology the study of
-oma tumor
oment- covering
onco- tumor
onych- nail, claw
oophor- ovary
ophthalm eye
or- mouth
orchid- testis
-osis any condition
osmo- odor
ost- bone
-ostomy create an opening
oto- ear
-otomy cut into, incision into
ovar- egg
ovario- ovary
palpebr- eyelid
pan- all
pod- foot
para- beside, beyond
pariet- wall
part- labor, bring forth
path- disease
pelvi- pelvis
-penia decrease
pelvi- pelvis
-penia decrease
peps- digest
peri- about, around
-pexy suspension
phage to eat
phak- lens
pharmac- drug
pharyng- pharynx
phleb- vein
phob- fear
phon- voice, sound
phot- light
phren- mind
physio- nature
pilo- hair
plak- plate
plasia- development
plast- plastic repair/surgical repair
-plegia paralysis
pleur- pleura, rib, side
plexus braid
pneum- lung
poly- many
post after
pre- in front of, before
pro- in front of, before
proct- anus
prolix- offspring
psycho- mind
-ptosis falling, drooping
ptyal- saliva
puer- child
pulmon- lung
pyle- gate
rachi- spinal column
radi- ray
radic- root
ramus branch
ren- kidney
retr(o) backwards
rhexis break, burst
rhin- nose
-rrhaphy suture
rug- wrinkle, fold, crease
sacro- sacrum
salpingo- tube
sarc- flesh
scirr(h)- hard
sclera(a) hard
-scop look, observe
sedat- quiet, calm
semen seed
semi- half
sept- wall, fence
sinus hollow space
somato- body
somni- sleep
spas- pull, draw
spasm involuntary contraction
sphenic- wedge
spiro- coil
splen- spleen
spondyl- spinal column
squam- scale
steno- narrow, contracted
stoma- mouth
strept- twist
strict- draw tight
sub- under
supra- above
syn-, sym- together
tarso- ankle
tarso- framework of the eyelid
tegument covering, skin
tens- stretch
thalam- inner chamber
thel- nipple
therap- therapy
therm- heat
thorac- chest
thromb- lump, clot
thyro- thyroid
-tope place
trachel- neck
trans- through, across
traumat- wound
tri- three
trich- hair
trip- rub, friction
-trophy development
tumor swelling
turbin- shaped like a top
tympan- eardrum
umbilic- navel
ureter ureter
urethr- urethra
utero- uterus
vaso- vessel
vena- vein
vesic- bladder
vestibule entrance
viscero- organ
vuls(e)- twitch or pull
Created by: sweetstyles