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A&P II Final

Compartments of Fluid Intracellular and Extracellular
Intake of Fluids Ingested food 1000(30%); ingested fluids 1200(60%); metabolic processes 300 (10%); Total 2500mL
Dilute Urine loosing lg amts of fluids; water intake excessive; No ADH
Concentrated Urine reabsorbing lg amts of fluids
Chief Cation Extracellular= Sodium Na+ Intracellular= Potassiom K+
ANP Inhibits ang2 production, prevents vasoconstriction,and promotes excretion of water and NA+ REDUCING BLOOD PRESSURE and BLOOD VOLUME
Co2+H20 blah blah Increase pushes opposite Decreases pulls same direction
Regulatory organs Kidneys
Add Strong acid: H+ binds with bicarb and forms carbonic acid (weak) Ph decreases
Add Strong Base: forms bicarb (weak base) Ph rises
Bicarb Buffering System: Extracellular
Protein and Phosphate Intracellular
Bladder Temp storage for urine
Ureters Kidney to bladder urine
Urethra Bladder to out of body urine
Testes Produce sperm and hormones
Ovaries eggs and hormonoes
Semen Protect, transport, feed, activates
Head of Sperm DNA, Helmet with enzyme pentratre egg
Midpiece mitochondria
Tail propels it
oocyte to uterus ovary-uterine tubes-ithsmus-uterus
Testes and ovaries main reproduction organs
PSA Prostate and in semen volume
Pregnancy fertilization until born
Fertilization sperm fused w/ egg to form zygote
Gestation period to birth
Conceptus Devoloping
Pre-embryo until 2nd week of conceptus from fertiliztion
Embryo 3-8wk
Capataction Mature to penetrate egg
Monospermy Depolarization and Zips-slow, but destroy receptors and sperm fall off
Corpus Lutem Hormones
Ecto skin and nervous
Endo lining of organs GU Resp and GI
Meso other tissue
Anatomical changes in preg Lordosis urterus enlarge breast enlarge and darken Chadwick-purple Relax pubis wt gain
Break water Dilation stage, Amnion ruptured
Apgar 8-10 Heart, respiration, reflexes, muscle tone, and color
Amnion Fluid protect and temp
Yolk sac blood and digestive
Allantois cord and bladder
Chorion helps from placenta
Genetics Study of mechs in hereditary
Karotyping Diploid chromosomal complement displayed in homologous pairs
Genome DNA
Homozygous 2 alles controlling single triat- same
Heterozygous different for trait
genotype genetic
phenotype way genotype expressed
Random fertiliztion eggs fertilazed different 72 trillion ways
incomplete dominance phenotype dom and recessive (sickling)
Multiple Alles inheritence more than 2 alles (ABO blood)
DNA Nuclues and Mitochondria
Amnio Centesis and chronic villi samples Fluid in 14th wk and from villi
Pedigree Genetic trait predict future
Blood detect unexpressed recessive genes
Created by: cl8sgrl