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68WM6 SkeletalTerms

68WM6 A&P2 Skeletal Terms

QuestionAnswer
What is the movement of a body part away from the midline? Abduction
What is the movement of a body part toward the midline? Adduction
What is a thin layer of cartilage covering each epiphysis? Articular Cartilage
What is the movement of the distal end of a bone in a circle called? Circumduction
What is the outer layer of bone that is hard and dense? Compact Bone
What is an oval projection that fits into an elliptical socket? Condyle
What is a sharp edge? Crest
What is a hollow tube made of hard, compact bone? Diaphysis or Shaft
What is a thin membrane that lines the medullary cavity? Endosteum
What is the cartilage between the epiphyses and the diaphysis? Epiphyseal Plate
What are the ends of bones? Epiphyses
What is the increasing of the angle of a joint, such as the straightening of the elbow? Extension
What is the reduction of the angle of a joint, such as the bending of the elbow? Flexion
What are areas where ossification is incomplete or know as "soft spots?" Fontanel
What is the process of blood formation? Hematopoiesis
What is the hollow area inside the diaphysis of a bone containing yellow bone marrow? Medullary Cavity
What is the large depression on the posterior surface of the humerus? Olecranon Fossa
What are bone reabsorbing cells? Osteoclasts
What are living bone cells? Osteocytes
What are bone forming cells? Osteoblasts
What is a strong fibrous membrane covering a long bone everywhere except at joint surfaces? Periosteum
What is the soft connective tissue inside the hard walls of some bones? Red Bone Marrow
What is the spinning of one bone relative to another? Rotation
What are the spaces or cavitites within some of the cranial bones? Sinuses
What is the porous bone in the end of the long bone? Spongy Bone
What is an immovable joint? Suture
Created by: ewood004