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Ecology 8

vocabulary practice

ecology the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment
abiotic any nonliving component of an environment
biotic the living organisms in an ecosystem
ecosystem living and nonliving things in an environment, together with their interactions
population group of individuals of the same species living in a particular area at the same time
community (ecology) a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same region and interacting with each other
habitat the place where an organism lives
producer an organism that makes its own food
consumer an organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
carnivore organism that obtains energy by eating animals
herbivore organism that obtains energy by eating only plants
equilibrium a state of balance
photosynthesis process by which plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into sugars
predator animal that hunts and eats other animals
prey an organism that is killed and eaten by another organism
symbiosis how two different living organisms live together and depend on each other
mutualism a relationship between two species in which both species benefit
parasitism one organism lives on or inside another organism and harms it
commensalism a relationship between two organisms in which one organism benefits and the other is unaffected
host an animal or plant that nourishes and supports a parasite
symbiont The smaller participant in a symbiotic relationship, living in or on the host.
succession (ecology) the gradual and orderly process of change in an ecosystem brought about by the progressive replacement of one community by another until a stable climax is established
Created by: amyshirey