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Mental Heatlh

Mental Health - Quiz 1

The ability to cope with and adjust to the recurrent stresses of living in an acceptable way. Mental health
A disturbance in one's ability to cope effectively. Mental illness
Surveyed conditions of mental hospitals in the United States, Canada and Scotland. Dorothea Dix
Wrote a book that started the mental hygiene movement. Clifford Beers
Said life was a dynamic equilibrium maintained by the soul. Plato
Wrote the first American textbook on psychiatry. Benjamin Rush
Viewed mental illness as the result of an imbalance of humors. Hippocrates
Freed the mentally ill in France from their chains. Philippe Pinel
Which legislative act called for a neighborhood-based mental health care delivery system? Community Mental Health Centers Act of 1963
Which legislative act dramatically reduced federal funding for mental health & illness care? Omnibus Budget Reconcilliation Act of 1981
Medical costs covered by a "third-party" usually an insurance co. or the state or federal government. Third-party payment
A netword of physicians, hospitals & clinics that agree to provide care for different organizations at a discount. Preferred Provider Organization
Deliver health care to enrolled clients who pay a fixed price. Health Maintenance Organization
Classifications of illnesses - Payment for care was based on these groups rather than payment for each individual service. Diagnostic-related group
Serves as one's personal basis for right or wrong behaviors Morals
Power to which one has just claim Rights
To do no harm Nonmaleficence
Shared set of rules that govern right behavior Ethics
Controls by which a society governs itself Laws
A group of people who share distinct physical characteristics Race
Learned behavior patterns with shared values system Culture
Customs and cultural habits of a group Ethnicity
An oversimplified mental picture of a cultural group Stereotype
An expected pattern of behavior associated with a certain position or rank Role
Based on a person's need to search for meaning and values in life. Logotherapy
People learn by observing the outcomes of various events and then comparing themselves with others. Social learning theory
Uses dream analysis and free association to uncover unconscious conflicts. Psychoanalysis
Used by therapists to define positive behaviors and develop programs specific reinforcements to change the specific behaviors Behavior modification
Teaches clients how to develop more successful daily living skills Coping skills therapy
Describes physical responses of the body to stress and the processes by which they adapt Stress adaptation theory
A process described as the act of mentally rehearsing an activity before actually engaging in the activity Covert modeling
The concept of self is developed through interactions with other people Sociocultural theory
Helps clients to uncover how their personifications (distorted images) affect their lives Interpersonal therapy
The client directs the therapeutic relationship using the therapist as a guide to self-understanding Client-centered therapy
Teaches clients to express themselves in a constructive, non-aggressive way Assertiveness training
Goal of therapy is self-actualization, not cure or relief of symptoms Actualizing therapy
Approaches human behavior from a helping point of view Nursing theories
Created by: ernspst