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vascular

diseases

QuestionAnswer
Chylomicrons are derived from where? diet-derived triglycerides
Are chylomicrons absent during fasting yes
Where are VLDL derived Liver-derived triglyceride
What does LDL transport cholesterol
How do you calculate LDL LDL = CH-HDL-TG/5
Is fasting required to measure serum cholesterol No: CH content in chylomicrons is <3%; hence, fasting does not have a medically significant effect on the serum level.
What is the source of apolipoproteins HDL
What is HDL's function removes cholesterol from plaques for disposal in the liver
Type II hyperlipoproteinmia dysfunction increase LDL due to decrease LDL receptors
Type I dysfunction hyperchylomicronemia decreased CPL or decreased apoCII
Type I inheritances Autosomal recessive, rare childhood dz
Type I clinical findings increased Chylomicrons;
What clinical syndromes is atherosclerosis associated with. Ischemic heart dz cerebrovascular dz aortic aneurysms peripheral vascular dz nephroangiosclerosis (HTN -
Risk factors for atherosclerosis age greater than 35 in males or 55 in women male gender family history of atherosclerosis lipid-rich diet hypertension diabetes cigarette smoking
Kidney hamartoma, composed of blood vessels, muscle and mature adipose tissue Angiomyolipoma
Angiomyolipoma is associated with what dz Tuberous sclerosis
Liver angiosarcoma is associated /w exposure to what? Polyvinyl chloride arsenic thorium dioxide
Type I hyperlipoproteinemia results in an increased level of what? chylomicrons and triglycerides
Type II hyperlipoproteinemia results in an increased level of what? LDL and cholesterol
Xanthomas of the Achilles tendon are specific for what disorder Type II hyperlipoproteinemia
Type III hyperlipoproteinemia results in an increased level of what? IDL, triglycerides and cholesterol
Type IV hyperlipoproteinemia results in an increased level of what? very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDLs) and triglycerides
Type IV is caused by a genetic defect in? lipoprotein lipase gene
Type V hyperlioporteinemia results in an increase in? VLDL, chylomicrons, triglycerides and cholesterol
Hyperlipidemia may be primary genetic defect or secondary to another disorder; such as: diabetes mellitus alcoholism nephrotic syndrome hypothyroidism
Created by: schrla
 

 



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