Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.

By signing up, I agree to StudyStack's Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

68WM6 Ph 2 Test 3

68WM6 Ph 2 Test 3-Anti-Infectives

QuestionAnswer
Define Antiinfectives The treatment of infectious disease depending on type of microorganism and the sensitivity of antimicrobials to the organism.
Drug of choice to treat anthrax and anthrax exposure. Ciprofloxacin
The most common sulfonamide used worldwide, particularly for UTIs. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole
Drug of choice to treat serious streptococcal, pneumococcal, and staphylococcal infections. Clindamycin
The pharmacological use of Antiinfectives The treatment and prophylaxis of various bacterial infections
The Actions of Antiinfectives Kill (bactericidal) or inhibit growth of (bacteriostatic) susceptible pathogenic bacteria. NOT ACTIVE against VIRUSES or FUNGI
Define Aminoglycosides Potent antibiotics reserved for SERIOUS LIFE-THREATENING infections Side Effects/Adverse Reactions: (a)EENT: ototoxicity (b)GU: nephrotoxicity (c)MS: muscle paralysis (d)F&E: hypomagnesemia
Define Carbapenems WIDE SPECTRUM of activity against GRAM+ & GRAM- AEROBIC & ANAEROBIC organisms Side Effects/Adverse Reactions: (a)CNS: seizures (b)GI: pseudomembranous colitis (c)Anaphylaxis
Define Cephalosporins Chemical modifications of the penicillin structure 1st Gen-Active on Gram+ 2nd Gen-increased activity on Gram- 3rd Gen-more active on Gram-
Define Fluoroquinolones SYNTHETIC BROAD-SPECTRUM agents Side Effects/Adverse Reactions: (a)CNS: seizures, dizziness (b)GI: pseudomembranous colitis, abdominal pain, diarrhea (c)DERM: Rashes (d)MISC: Anaphylaxis
Define Macrolides A bacteriostratic, in higher doses becomes bactericidal. Effective on Gram+ & some Gram- organisms Side Effects/Adverse Reactions: Varies on which medication given (a)Zithromax (b)Biaxin (c)Erythromycin
Define Penicillins Antibiotics derived from molds on food. 1)Natural Penicillins 2)Penicillinase-resistant penicillins 3)Amino-penicillins 4)Extended-Spectrum penicillins Side Effects/Adverse Reactions: (a)CNS: seizures (b)GI: N/V/D (c)MISC: anaphylaxis
Define Sulfonamides Primarily bacteriostatic in concentration Side Effects/Adverse Reactions: (a)GI: hepatic necrosis, N/V/D (b)Hemat: argranulocytosis, aplastic anemia (c)Misc: Stevens-Johnson syndrome
Define Tetracyclines 1st class of antiibiotics released in U.S. Bacteriostatic for many Gram- & Gram+ organisms. Side Effects/Adverse Reactions: (a)CNS: dizziness (b)GI: N/V/D (c)Derm: photosensitivity
Define Miscellaneous Side Effects/Adverse Reactions: (a)CNS: headache (b)CV: arrhythmias, hypotension (c)GI: N/V/D. (Clindamycon most significant is pseudomembranous colitis) Examples 1)clindamycin(Cleocin) 2)quinupristin/dalfopristin (Synercid) 3)vancomycin (Vanocin)
Define Cephalosporins Side Effects/Adverse Reactions(1st/2nd/3rd): (a)CNS: seizures (b)GI: pseudomembranous colitis (c)DERM: Rashes (d)MISC: Anaphylaxis
Macrolides-Side Effects/Adverse Reactions-(a)Zithromax /(b)Biaxin Side Effects/Adverse Reactions:(a-c) (a)Zithromax - CNS:dizziness, GI:pseudomembranous colitis, abdominal pain, diarrhea. MISC: angioedema (b)Biaxin - CNS: headache. CV: ventricular arrhythmias. GI: pseudomembranous colitis
Macrolides-Side Effects/Adverse Reactions-(c) Erythromycin (c) Erythromycin - CV: QT prolongation, ventricular arrhythmias GI: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
Aminoglycosides-name 4 medications 1) gentamicin (Garamycin) 2) neomycin (Mycifradin) 3) streptomycin 4) tobramycin (Nebcin)
What chemical category is gentamicin (Garamycin) Aminoglycosides
What chemical category is neomycin (Mycifradin) Aminoglycosides
What chemical category is streptomycin Aminoglycosides
What chemical category is tobramycin (Nebcin) Aminoglycosides
Carbapenems-name 3 medications 1)ertapenem (Invanz) 2)imipenem/cilastatin (Primaxin IM, Primaxin IV) 3)meropenem (Merrem)
What chemical category is ertapenem (Invanz) Carbapenems
What chemical category is imipenem/cilastatin (Primaxin IM, Primaxin IV) Carbapenems
What chemical category is meropenem (Merrem) Carbapenems
Cephalosporins-name 3-1st Gen. medications 1)cefadroxil (Duricef) 2)cefazolin (Ancef) 3)cephalexin (Keflex)
Cephalosporins-name 3-2nd Gen. medications 1)cefaclor (Ceclor, Ceclor CD) 2)cefotetan (Cefotan) 3)cefoxitin (Mefoxin)
Cephalosporins-name 3-3rd Gen. medications 1)cefixime (Suprax) 2)cefoperazone (Cefobid) 3)ceftriaxone (Rocephin)
What chemical category is cefadroxil (Duricef) Cephalosporins-1st Gen.
What chemical category is cefazolin (Ancef) Cephalosporins-1st Gen.
What chemical category is cephalexin (Keflex) Cephalosporins-1st Gen.
What chemical category is cefaclor (Ceclor, Ceclor CD) Cephalosporins-2nd Gen.
What chemical category is cefotetan (Cefotan) Cephalosporins-2nd Gen.
What chemical category is cefoxitin (Mefoxin) Cephalosporins-2nd Gen.
What chemical category is cefixime (Suprax) Cephalosporins-3rd Gen.
What chemical category is cefoperazone (Cefobid) Cephalosporins-3rd Gen.
What chemical category is ceftriaxone (Rocephin) Cephalosporins-3rd Gen.
Fluoroquinolones-name 2 medications 1) ciprofloxacin (Cipro) 2) levofloxacin (Levaquin)
What chemical category is ciprofloxacin (Cipro) Fluoroquinolones
What chemical category is levofloxacin (Levaquin) Fluoroquinolones
Macrolides-name 3 medications 1)azithromycin (Zithromax, Zithromax Z-Pak) 2)clarithromycin (Baxin) 3)erythromycin (Erythromycin PO, IV)
What chemical category is azithromycin (Zithromax, Zithromax Z-Pak) Macrolides
What chemical category is clarithromycin (Baxin) Macrolides
What chemical category is erythromycin (Erythromycin PO, IV) Macrolides
Natural Penicillins-name 2 medications 1)Penicillin G (Wycillin) 2)Penicillin V (Pen-Vee K)
Penicillinase-resistant Penicillins-name 4 medications 1)cloxaxillin (Tegopen) 2)dicloxacillin (Dynapen) 3)nafcillin (Unipen) 4)oxacillin (Prostaphlin)
Amino-Penicillins-name 4 medications 1)amoxicillin (Amoxil) 2)amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium (Augmentin) 3)ampicillin (Polycillin) 4)ampicillin and sulbactam (Unasym)
Extended-Spectrum Penicillins-name 5 medications 1)carbenicillin (Geocillin) 2)piperacillin (Pipracil) 3)piperacillin and tazobactam (Zosyn) 4)ticarcillin (Ticar) 5)ticarcillin and clavulanate potassium (Timentin)
List 9 Chemical categories of Anti-infectives 1)Aminoglycosides 2)Carbapenems 3)Cephalosporins 4)Fluoroquinolones 5)Macrolides 6)Penicillins 7)Sulfonamides 8)Tetracyclines 9)Miscellaneous
What chemical category is Penicillin G (Wycillin) Natural Penicillins
What chemical category is Penicillin V (Pen-Vee K) Natural Penicillins
What chemical category is cloxaxillin (Tegopen) Penicillinase-resistant Penicillins
What chemical category is dicloxacillin (Dynapen) Penicillinase-resistant Penicillins
What chemical category is nafcillin (Unipen) Penicillinase-resistant Penicillins
What chemical category is oxacillin (Prostaphlin) Penicillinase-resistant Penicillins
What chemical category is amoxicillin (Amoxil) Amino-Penicillins
What chemical category is amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium (Augmentin) Amino-Penicillins
What chemical category is ampicillin (Polycillin) Amino-Penicillins
What chemical category is ampicillin and sulbactam (Unasym) Amino-Penicillins
What chemical category is carbenicillin (Geocillin) Extended-Spectrum Penicillins
What chemical category is piperacillin (Pipracil) Extended-Spectrum Penicillins
What chemical category is piperacillin and tazobactam (Zosyn) Extended-Spectrum Penicillins
What chemical category is ticarcillin (Ticar) Extended-Spectrum Penicillins
What chemical category is ticarcillin and clavulanate potassium (Timentin) Extended-Spectrum Penicillins
Sulfonamides(Primarily bacteriostatic in concentration)-name 2 medications 1)trimethoprin 2)sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim)
Tetracyclines-name 2 medications 1)doxycycline (Vibramycin) 2)tetracycline (Tetracyn) *stains teeth drk brown or yellow
Miscellaneous-name 3 medications 1)clindamycin (cleocin) 2)quinupristin/dalfopristin (Synercid) 3)vancomycin (Vancocin)
What chemical category is trimethoprin Sulfonamides
What chemical category is sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim) Sulfonamides
What chemical category is doxycycline (Vibramycin) Tetracyclines
What chemical category is tetracycline (Tetracyn) Tetracyclines
What chemical category is clindamycin (cleocin) Miscellaneous
What chemical category is quinupristin/dalfopristin (Synercid) Miscellaneous
What chemical category is vancomycin (Vancocin) Miscellaneous
Created by: qqqpip