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Worsham RA Q2

facial markings natural and acquired changes over time
what are the 5 factors responsible for changes in facial markings age, enironment, position of the body, condition of the body & heredity
furrow/sulcus (sulci), groove and fold 3 basic types of facial markings
crevice in the skin bordered by adjacent elevations and caused by muscle constractions furrow/sulcus
groove elongated depression in a relatively level surface; no elevations on sides of depression
fold (projection of skin) a re-curved margin having greater projection than the adjacent area
there are ____ natural facial markings nine
vertical groove located medially on the superior integumentary lip philtrum
border of cheek, a fold naso-labial fold
angular area between posterior margin of nasal wing and nasolabial fold; makes posterior margin of wing more prominent nasal sulcus
oblique palpbral sulcus only facial marking associated with the eye. curving-groove below inner corner of the eyelid, forms upper border of anterior check, indefinite termination
indefinite termination end of a marking "blends-in"
angulus oris eminence small convex prominence lateral to the line of lip closure, several mouth muscles attach here
angulus oris sulcus horizontal groove at each end of the line of lip closure, formed by projection of upper teeth and lengthens with age
labiomental sulcus conjunction of lower lip and chin which often appears as a groove furrow
submental sulcus junction of base of chin and submandibular area
dimples rounded/dot-like or vertical shallow natural depressions located on cheek and/or chin
there are ______ acquired facial markings eleven
nasolabial sulcus furrow originating at the superior border of the wing of the nose and extedning to the side of the mouth
transverse frontal sulci horizontal furrows of the forehead, "worry/concern lines"
what are the 3 types of transverse frontal sulci continuous, broken or overlaping
sulci between the eyebrows intercilliary sulci
intercilliary sulci can be vertical-caused by the corrigator musle or transverse-caused by the procerus musle
optic facial sulci are also known as "crow's feet"
there are _____ rare acquired facial markings seven
furrow of the superior border of the upper eyelid starting from the inner canthus and arches across the eyelid moving laterally superior palpebral sulcus
furrow of inferior border of the lower eyelid, forms later in life, starts just lateral of inner canthus inferior palpebral suleus
bucco-facial sulcus vertical furrow of cheek, same position and shape as dimples, caused by repeated movement of mouth muscles
mandibular sulcus neck marking-furrow beneath jawline which rises bertically on the cheek
also known as "serrated jawline" due to multiple sulci in a row mandibular sulcus
vertical furrows of lips extending from within the mucous membrane into the integumentary lip labial sulci
transverse dipping furrows of the neck platysmal sulci
vertical prominences of the neck that stick out over time cords of the neck
pinna (feather) is a general term for the ear
otic and auri mean hearing
the point of attachment for the ear is always behind the anterior border of the line extending from the ramus of the mandible
the skin of the ear adheres loosely or close to the _______ close, cartilage
the lobe is composed of adapost & superficial facia
the ear doesn't respond to ______ and doesn't lose _______ gravity, tissue
the ear is ______ and ______ change with age consistent, change
the ear acts as a radiator
the ear is subjected to a lot of livor mortis and is a possible sight of ______ post-mortem stain
the width of the ear is _____ its length 2/3
Created by: 1157564676