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Human Biology

Human Biology Bone Terms

Human BiologyHuman Biology
Frontal Bone Forehead
Parietal Bone Top of the back of the head
Zygomatic Bone Side of eye
Ethmoid Bone Inside bottom of the eye
Lacrinal Tear bones
Nasal Nasal bone
Vomer Divides nose
Temporal Bone Above your ear
Faramen Magmum Spinal Bone
Zygomatic Bone Cheek Bones
Maxilla Upper jaw
Occipital Bone Back of the lower skull
Mandible Jaw
Cervical Neck
Lumbar lower back
Sacrum Triangular shaped bone that forms part of the hip
Coccyx A bone not needed now that was for human tails
clavical collar bone
humerus upper arm bone
radius inner forearm bone
unla outer forearm bone
carpals wrist bones
metacarpals hand bones
phalanges fingers and toes
femur upper leg bone
patella knee cap
fibula outer lower leg bone
tarsals ankle bone
metatarsals mid-foot bones
sternum breast bone ~ true ribs are connected to it
intervertebral disks are between the vertabre and keep your bones from grinding
hyoid bone a bone that support the tounge
costal cartilage connects the ribs to the sternum
pubis symphysis interpubic joint
illum hip girdle
pubis lower front of pelvis
thoracic vertebrae ribs and vertebrae 12
lumbar vertebrea lower back 5
verterbrae rounded ventral part of vertebra a disk is stacked on it
hyaline cartilage a bone model thats develops in the embryo stage
ossification cartilage begins to disolve and gets replaced
chondroblasts cartilage that forms the shape of the bone
osteoblasts bone-forming cells
osteocyte a mature bone cell found in lacunae
five functions of the skeleton support, protection, storage, production, and leverage
Advantages of a curved back It has more strength and is more flexible
pectoral girdle attaches the arms and has 360 degree rotation
pelvic girdle attaches the legs and supports the upper body
lifting a cup is flexing
putting down a cup is extending
twisting your arm is rotation
turining your palm upward supination
bending your head way back is hyperextension
moving a leg to the center is aduction
turing your palm downward is pronation
Created by: brandie