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Geography Gr7

Grade 7 Geography Ontario - Unit 1 Pearson

The five themes of Geography 1. Place / Location 2. Movement 3. Environment 4. Interaction 5. Region
Place a bounded area; a locality such as a town or a city. A part of the earth recognized as separate or different from other parts.
Landmark an object or landform that identifies a place. Examples: the Horseshoe Falls and the Peterborough Liftlock.
Geography the study of the earth's surface and people's relationship to it.
Relative Location description of a place in relation to other places, using landmarks, distance, or compass directions. Example: My home is the second house just around the corner from John's house.
Absolute Location a description of a place independent of any other place. Usually described with longitude and latitude. Example: a location on a map.
Hemisphere half of a sphere or globe, especially the earth. Canada is in the Western Hemisphere and the Northern Hemisphere.
Latitude the distance, north or south of the equator. Latitude is 0 at the equator and 90 degrees at the North pole.
Longitude the distance, east or west of the prime meridian (Greenwich, England. Zero is at the line that passes through Greenwich and numbers go up to 180 degrees.
Alphanumeric Grid are lines that divide a map into squares, with numbers along the top and bottom and letters along the sides to help find a location.
Movement is the flow of people, products,information and elements of nature. Examples: migration, transport systems.
Public Transit transportation that includes buses, subway trains, streetcars and commuter trains.
Container freight systems is a system for moving products that uses standard-sized metal boxes that attach to trucks, trains and ships.
Five environmental factors 1. Landforms 2. Climate 3. Water 4. Soils 5. Natural vegetation
Landforms Examples: volcanos, mountains, ocean depths, plains.
Climate is the long-term average of weather conditions at a particular place. Includes: average temperature and rainfall.
Water - found in the atmosphere and on earth. - fixed amount circulates and is recycled through natural processes. - most species need a fresh source of this to survive. - humans should drink 2 L at day.
Soil Made of a mixture of worm rock particles and decayed organic material from natural vegetation. Human settlement and agriculture are common when supply of this is good and fertile.
Natural Vegetation develops in response to climate and soil conditions. - used for food, building materials, amongst other purposes.
Interaction in Geography - the act or process of having an effect on each other. - the connection between people and the earth.
Region is a part of the earth's surface that has similar characteristics through out its area. Regions can be physical like a watershed region, or defined by physical geography (mountains, foothills, prairies), or by vegetation (ie.deciduous and boreal forest)
Ecozones is a region identified by several factors, including land forms, climate, soil, and natural vegetation. (ie. prairies, arctic cordillera, mixed wood plains, boreal shield.)
Formal Regions an area with at least one characteristic that is common throughout the area. Identified by landforms, climate, waters, soils or natural vegetation. Also, political areas with boundaries - province, country, county, town/city)
Functional Regions an area identified by what occurs within it. (ie. area code regions for phones, postal codes for mail service)
Urbanization a population shift from the countryside to cities. - currently a world wide
Created by: su11armstrong



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