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Review for Aquatic Science 2011 Final Exam

Which gas is associated with ocean acidification? Carbon dioxide (CO2)
List threats to the animals in the Gulf of Mexico? Marine Debris, Chemical Pollution, Human Activities (fishing, boats, building), Oil
List the oceans in order from largest to smallest. Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic
flowering plants adapted to live submerged in seawater seagrasses
List the three physical factors that strongly influence seagrass beds. Water motion (currents & waves), light & temperature
In echinoderms, body parts usually occur in multiples of five
In an echinoderm, the structure that operates like a living suction cup is the tube foot
In an echinoderm, movement is control by the water vascular system
They usually have an external or internal shell. They are soft-bodied animals. They all have a foot and mantle mollusks
organisms that live in the substrate of the ocean bottoms infauna
What are some primary producers typical of the upper intertidal on rocky shores? algae
What does molting enable arthropods to do? grow
What are the semi-enclosed areas where fresh water and sea water mix? estuaries
Species that can tolerate a wide range of salinities euryhaline
Organisms that allow their body fluids to match the salinity of the surrounding water osmoconformers
What is the function of scales in fish? protection
What are functions of the gills in a fish? gas exchange
One particular feature found in bony fishes but absent in cartilaginous fishes swim bladder
Crabs, Spiders & Insects Phylum Arthropoda
Sea Spiders & Horseshoe Crabs Subphylum Chelicerata
Barnacles, Copepods & Crabs Subphylum Crustacea
Sea Squirts, Tunicates, Amphioxus, Mammals, Fish Phylum Chordata
Fish, Birds, Mammals & Reptiles Subphylum Vertebrata
Corals, Jellyfish, Hydrozoans, Box Jellies Phylum Cnidaria
Comb Jellies Phylum Ctenophora
Starfish, Sea Urchins, Brittle Stars, Sea Cucumbers Phylum Echinodermata
Clams, Squids, Snails, & Chitons Phylum Mollusca
Sponges Phylum Porifera
Class Cirripedia Barnacles
Class Copepoda Copepods
Class Malacostraca Crabs, Shrimp & Isopods
Class Actinopterygii Bony Fish
Class Agnatha Jawless Fish
Class Aves Birds
Class Chondrichthyes Cartilaginous Fish
Class Mammalia Mammals
Class Sarcopterygii Lobe-finned Fishes
Class Reptilia Reptiles
Class Anthozoa Corals & Sea Anemones
Class Cubozoa Box Jellies
Class Hydrozoans Portuguese Man-o-War
Class Scyphozoa Jellyfish
Class Asteriodea Starfish
Class Crinoidea Sea Lilies
Class Echinoidea Sea Urchins & Sanddollars
Class Holothuroidea Sea Cucumbers
Class Ophiuroidea Brittle Stars
Class Bivalvia Clams
Class Cephalopoda Octopus
Class Gastropoda Snails
a type of external fertilization that is very common in oviparous bony fishes spawning
structures used to bring gases to the roots of mangroves pneumatophores
What are pollutants that do not have a single point of origin? Nonpoint Source Pollution
Producer, Single cells, Include the smallest plankton, Remain near the surface Phytoplankton
Consumers (including herbivores & carnivores); Single or multicellular; May vertically migrate (to a depth of 200m) during the day for protection but resurface at night to feed. Zooplankton
What term refers to any of the different types of molluscs and crustaceans that are caught for food? shellfish
lasts indefinitely because the number of fish caught each year is less than the number added to the population through reproduction and survival. sustainable fishtery
What is the term for all of the organisms that are caught unintentionally while fishing for other species? by-catch
What are species are considered when they are in immediate danger of disappearing forever? endangered
Created by: MrsHeist