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Allied Health Ch. 3

ethics a system of principles a society develops to guide decision making about what is right and wrong
principles fundamental truths
ethical dilemma a situation in which there is no clear answer
codes of ethics set standards of professional conduct that promote the welfare of patients and ensure a high quality of care
values the standards that provide the foundation for making decisions and guiding behavior
Euthanasia or mercy killing performing an action that results in the death of a patient to alleviate suffering
stem cells hold promise for replacing patient's cells that have been damaged
autonomy self determination
consent permission
informed consent when a procedure has been explained, including consequences, the patient's permission is this
battery any unauthorized touching of another person
assault any threatened or implied act, wether carried out or not
implied consent implied by patient's actions
express consent given in writing
invasive procedure involves punctures or incisions of the skin or insertion of instruments into the body
adult over 18 yrs of age
emancipated minor individuals under 18 who are financially independent, married or in the military
false imprisonment patients being held against their will
advance directives written instructions that outline individuals desires regarding care should they become unable
designation of health care surrogate document individuals designate specific people to act on their behalf if they become unable
living will document outlines an individuals wishes regarding the type and extent of care to be given
legislation law
justice fairness
fraud form of dishonesy that involves cheating or trickery
discreet being careful what you say
confidentiality patient's have a legal right to privacy concerning medical affairs
defamation of character harming the reputation of another
libel harming someone's reputation in written form
slander harming someone's reputation in spoken form
contracts formalized promises that are enforceable by law
breach of contract if one of the parties fails to fulfill his or her part of the agreement
implied contracts the actions of the parties create the contract
express contract created when the parties discuss and agree on specific terms and conditions
agent someone who has the authority to represent another person
respondeat superior "let the master answer" employers are held liable for the behavior and actions of their employees
damages money to compensate for an injury or loss
negligence failure to meet the standard of care that can reasonably be expected
malpractice professional negligence
Created by: LCC