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science flashers

science notes on science stuff

the domain ________ includes prokaryotes that live in extreme environments. archaea
the domain ________ includes prokaryotes that live in soil, water, and in humans. bacteria
the kingdom ________ includes mostly single-celled or simple multicellular organisms. protista
the kingdom _____ includes nongreen, nonmoving eukaryotic organisms that brake down substances outside their bodies and absorb the nutrients. fungi
the kingdom _____ includes complex, multicellular organisms that are usually green, have cell walls, and make sugar by photosynthesis. plantae
the kingdom ________ is made up of complex, multicellular organisms that lack cell walls, can usually move around, and quickly respond to their environment. animalia
a __________ is a underground stem from which new leaves and roots grow. rhizome
a ____ _____ is a structure that surrounds the cell membraine and supports a plant cell. cell wall
_______ are flowering plants that produce seeds inside a fruit. angiosperm
_______ are plants which produce cones instead of flowers and fruit. gymnosperms
______ are the largest group of gymnosperms. conifer
an angiosperm with one cotyledon is called a _____. monocot
an angiosperm with two cotyledons is called a _____. dicot
a sepal is a modified leaf that protects the flower ______. bud
the ______ is the male reproductive structure of a flower. stamen
a _______ is a root like structure that holds a nonvascular plant in place and helps it get water and nutrients. rhizoid
________ are organisms that eat other organisms or organic matter. consumer
_______ get energy by breaking down the remains of dead organisms or animal wastes and consuming or absorbing the nutrients. decomposer
_______ make their own food. producer
_____ is a type of tissue in vascular plants that allows the food to flow from the leaves to the rest of the plant. phloem
______ is a type of vascular tissue that conducts water from the roots to the shoots. xylem
the ____ _______ is a digestive organ that absorbs nutrients. small intestine
the _____ is a body cavity that contains and protects the internal organs. coelon
the _____ _____ is a digestive organ that creates feces. large intestine
an ________ is a hard, external, supporting structure. exoskeleton
an ________ is an internal skeleton made of bone and cartilage. endoskeleton
a _____ _____ consists of one type of atom or one type of molecule. pure substance
a ____ contains two or more substances not chemically combined. mixture
an _____ is a substance composed of a single kind of atom. element
a _______ is substance made of atoms of two or more different elements joined by chemical bonds. compound
_______ is anything that has mass and takes up space. matter
a mixture in which particles eventually separate and settle out is a ________. suspension
a ______ is a homogeneous mixture that appears to be a single substance. solution
_______ are mixtures whose particles are smaller than particles in suspensions but larger than the particles in solutions and include examples such as gelatin, whipped cream, and clouds. colloids
a ________ mixture is the same throughout. homogeneous mixture
________ is what occurs when a liquid becomes a gas. evaporation
_________ occurs when a gas becomes a liquid. condensation
________ is the measure of the amount of space that matter occupies. volume
________- is the mass of an object per unit volume. density
________ is the amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface. pressure
a ______ is a push or a pull that always acts on an object. force
__________ is a change in a moving object's speed, direction or both. acceleration
________ is a force that always acts to oppose motion. friction
_________ is a measure that does not change when an object's location changes. mass
_________ is the measure of gravitational force exerted on an object. weight
_______ is the speed of an object in a particular direction. velocity
_______ is the force of attraction between two objects. gravity
when forces are _______, there will be no change in motion. balanced
to produce a change in motion, a force must be ________. unbalanced
______ is determined by dividing distance by time. speed
_______ is the rate at which velocity changes over a period of time. acceleration
the equation for determining pressure is ______ = _______ / ________ pressure force area
___________'s principle is used to determine buoyant force. archimede
the forward force produced by an airplane's engine is known as _______. thrust
__________'s principle is used by hydraulic devices to multiply force. pascal
the force exerted on an object that increases as density of the fluid increases is known as _______. buoyant force
________ is a force that works against the forward motion of a plan. drag
__________'s principle states that the pressure in a fluid decreases as the fluid's velocity increases. bernoulli
the irregular flow of fluids is known as ________. turbulence
_________ energy is the energy of motion. kinetic
_______ is the ability to do work. energy
the energy an object has because of its position is _______ energy. potential
_________ energy is the total energy of motion and position of an object. mechanical
all of the kinetic energy due to the random motion of particles that make up an object is known as __________ energy. thermal
________ energy is the energy of moving electrons. electrical
the energy that is produced by vibrations of electrically charged particles is known as ______ energy. light
_______ energy is caused by an object's vibrations. sound
________ _______ is found when you compare the amount of energy before a conversion with the amount of energy after a conversion. energy efficiency
Created by: Peanuppy