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Reproductive Vocab

Health Final Review

endocrine glands ductless - or tubeless - organs or groups of cells that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream.
hormones chemical substances that are produced in glands and help regulate many of your body's functions
thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate metabolism, body heat, and bone growth
parathyroid glands produce a hormone that regulates the body's calcium and phosphorus balance
pancreas a gland that serves both the digestive and endocrine systems. as an endocrine gland, the pancreas secretes two hormones that regulate the level of glucose in the blood - glucagon and insulin.
pituitary gland regulates and controls the activities of all of the other endocrine glands
gonads the ovaries and testes
adrenal glands glands that help the body recover from stress and respond to emergencies.
reproductive system the system of organs involved in producing offspring
sperm the male reproductive cells
testosterone the male sex hormone
testes two small glands that produce sperm and secrete testosterone
scrotum an external skin sac that holds the testes
penis a tube-shaped organ that extends from the trunk of the body just above the testes. The penis releases semen.
Semen a thick fluid containing sperm and other secretions from the male reproductive system
Erection when the penis becomes hard and erect.
ejaculation a series of muscular contractions at the height of sexual arousal.
fertiliation the joining of a male sperm cell and a female egg cell. This results if ejaculation occurs during sexual intercourse.
Uretha the passageway through which both semen and urine leave the male body
vas deferens tubes that extend from each epididymis to the uretha.
sterility the inability to reproduce
ova a female reproductive cell
uterus a hollow, muscular, pear-shaped organ inside a female's body
ovaries the female sex glands that store the ova and produce female sex hormones
ovulation the process of releasing a mature ovum into the fallopian tube each month
fallopian tubes a pair of tubes with fingerlike projections that draw in the ovum. a mature ova moves through them.
vagina a muscular, elastic passageway that extends from the uterus to the outside of the body. Sperm enters through the vagina.
zygote a fertilized egg
endometrium the thickened lining of the uterus.
cervix the opening to the uterus
menstruation the shredding of the uterus
Created by: numchuckskillz