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*Microbiology Exam 5

Study guide to spring 11 test 5

QuestionAnswer
True or False: Chlamydia Pneumonia infection is the only cause of pneumonia in United States? False
The bacterial infection caused by Chlamydia pneumonia was first discovered in which country. a. England b. United States c. Taiwan d. Mexico c. Taiwan
Chlamydia pneumonia infection has been linked to increased risk of the following conditions except? a. Alzheimer’s disease b. Multiple Sclerosis c. Athlete’s foot d. Asthma c. Athlete’s foot
What is the bacterium that mainly causes Pelvic inflammatory disease? A Chlamydia trachomatis B E. coli C The neighbor’s dog D Parasites A Chlamydia trachomatis
What is the main way of detecting Pelvic inflammatory disease? A Ask your mother B Vaginal Culture C Laparoscopic surgery D There is no way of detecting pelvic inflammatory disease C Laparoscopic surgery
You have to be sexually active to get Pelvic inflammatory Disease. True or False? False
True Or False: Rubella is spread to the lymph and blood throughout the body. True
The most common symptom of Rubella is A. Abdominal pain B. Headache C. Fever D. Pink/Red skin rash D. Pink/Red skin rash
The incubation period of Rubella is A. 5-6 days B. 14-21 days C. 10-17 D. 12-18 days B. 14-21 days
True or False, Mononucleosis is caused by bacteria entering the body through a puncture wound. False
Which of these is NOT a symptom of Mononucleosis? a. sore throat b. fever c. tiredness d. sneezing d. sneezing
Which group or population is most often affected by Mononucleosis? a. Men ages 30-60 b. Women ages 30-60 c. Babies under age 2 d. Children and teens between age 10 and 20 d. Children and teens between age 10 and 20
Cytomegalovirus is often mistaken for which of the following: (a) Influenza (b) small pox (c) mononucleosis (d) HIV (c) mononucleosis
Cytomegalovirus can be cured through (a) Antibiotics (b) antifungal (c) let it run its course (d) there is no cure (d) there is no cure
True or False: Cytomegalovirus is part of the Herpes family True
True or False: Infected women often have no symptoms or signs of Gonorrhea. True
The pathogen N Gonorrheae is able to infect humans with Gonorrhea because: a)Fimbriae adhere to mucosa membranes of host b)Pathogen has endotoxin c)Pathogen has an enzyme that cleaves antibodies d)Cell wall resists digestion after phagocytosis e)All E) All of the above
The Gonorrhea pathogen can infect all of the following except: a)Urethra b)Vagina c)Cervix d)Eyes b)Vagina
T/F Toxoplasmosis gondii can be transmitted to a fetus by a cat litter box True
Toxoplasmosis can be transmited which of the following? A) tick B) sexually transmitted C) Handling raw meat D) bodily fluids C) Handling raw meat
This parasite affects those people who: A) have a low immune system B) any healthy person C) children under 12 years old A) have a low immune system
True/False: People infected with Shigella should take anti-diarrhea medication to shorten the duration of symptoms. False
The age group most affected by Shigella in the US is: a) School age (5-12) b) Teenagers (13-17) c) Toddlers (2-4) d) adults (18+) c) Toddlers (2-4)
Shigella is most commonly transmitted through: a) sexual contact b) airborne transmission c) droplet contact d) fecal-oral route d) fecal-oral route
True or False: Chagas disease is a virus caused by an arthropod vector. False
Chagas disease affects the _______. A. Circulatory System B. Nervous System C. Cardiovascular System C. Cardiovascular System
The T cruzi parasite is all of the following except: A A. Based on common DNA B. Photoautotrophic C. Lacking sexual organs D. Contain disc-shaped mitochondria A. Based on common DNA
P.gingivalis is a virus that is transmitted by kissing. T or F False- P. gingvalis is a bacteria
Morphology of P. gingivlais is all true except A. Black pigment B. anaerobic C. rod-shaped D. Gram positive E. Non-motile Answer is D- it is Gram Neg.
Signs of Periodontitis A. Bleeding gums B. Bad breath C. Reddned gums D. Loose tooth E. All of the above E. All of the above
True or False- Human monocytic ehrlichiosis is well understood and a vaccine has been developed? False
How is E. chaffeensis transmitted ? a. exposure to an infected patient - airborne b. ingestion of pathogen c. bite of a tick d. exposure to an infected patient – droplet c. bite of a tick
Why is E.chaffeensis difficult to diagnose? b. There is not enough interest c. Physicians often times don't know that the diseases exists and therefore can't diagnose it properly. d. The patient doesn't present with enough symptoms to diagnose. c. Physicians often times don't know that the diseases exists and therefore can't diagnose it properly.
True/False Adenoviruses can only cause infections in the eyes False, adenoviruses can cause infections in other systems of the body; intestinal tract, respiratory tract.
Detection of adenovirus is mainly done by: a) serology b) culture of eye discharge c) observation of symptoms c) observation of symptoms
All the following are symptoms of viral conjunctivitis, except: a) redness in the white of the eye b) blurred vision c) increased sensitivity to light d) vomiting d) vomiting
True or False: Listeriosis is a preventable disease by means of a vaccination? False
Detection of listeriosis is mainly by? a. throat swab b. red bumps on skin c. lab tests of blood c. lab tests of blood
What is not a sign/symptom of listeriosis? a. swelling b. fever c. muscle aches d. nausea a. swelling
Bordatella pertussis (whooping cough) is a highly contagious virus False
The most common signs and symptoms are: a. Rash on skin b. Coughing c. Fever d. B,C d. B,C
The transmission of Bordatella pertussis is by: a. STD b. Water-borne c. Direct contact by inhalation d. Vehicle Transmission c. Direct contact by inhalation
Humans can spread Hantavirus T/F False
Who are the main carriers of Hantavirus? A. Rodents B. Cats C. Dogs D. All of the above A. Rodents
How is Hantavirus transmitted? A. In a car B. Through bug bites C. Inhalation D. Touching an infected rodent C. Inhalation
True or False. Dengue Fever is MOST common in the United States False
Dengue Fever transmitted to humans by: A) Diseased livestock cattle B) Infected mosquito C) person to person, saliva or sweat D) drinking contaminated water B) Infected mosquito
A secondary lethal complication that can arise from Dengue Fever is A) Gonorrhea B) Whooping cough C) Meningitis D) Haemorrhagic Fever D) Haemorrhagic Fever
True or False: Neonatal Conjunctivitis could be prevented by screening the mother for STD’s before birth. True
Which of the following is the most common cause for Neonatal Conjunctivitis? a. Herpes b. Chlamydial trachomatis c. Fungus d. Syphilis b. Chlamydial trachomatis
Which of the following are symptoms of Neonatal Conjunctivitis? a. Inflammation, drainage, tenderness b. inflammation, fever,cough c. Tenderness, weight loss, muscle soreness d. None of the above a. Inflammation, drainage, tenderness
Nocardia is a viral infection that usually starts in the lungs and may spread to other organ systems. TRUE or FALSE False
Transmission of nocardia is: a. Face-face b. Airborne c. Ingesting organism d. Droplet b. Airborne
Which of the following tests are used to diagnosed Nocardia: a. Lung biopsy b. Bronchoscopy c. Sputum culture d. All of the above d. All of the above
What is the name of the organism that causes the disease? a) A mosquito b) Wuchereria bancrofti nematode c) Brugia malayi d) Both b and c are correct. e) None of these are correct. d) Both b and c are correct.
Which of the following is not a symptom of lymphatic filariasis? a) Headaches b) Increased appetite c) Swelling of subcutaneous tissues d) Nausea b) Increased appetite
True or false: There have been many accounts of lymphatic filariasis in the United States. False
True or False: The Group B Streptococcus aureus is a disease agent of Cellulitis. False
Cellulitis is occurs when skin a. Bacteria gets into cuts, wounds in the skin, insect or spider bites, and dry or flakey b. Fungus gets into cuts, wounds in the skin, insect or spider bites, and dry or flakey skin a. Bacteria gets into cuts, wounds in the skin, insect or spider bites, and dry or flakey
The best way to prevent Cellulitis as a regular person is a. A vaccine b. Taking preventative antibiotics orally or intravenously c. Cleaning skin and injuries well and making sure they heal d. Avoiding the outdoors and all germs everywhere c. Cleaning skin and injuries well and making sure they heal
True or False: Once you catch the Rubulavirus, you are immune to mumps. True
The vaccine for mumps is given a. Soon after being born b. Between 12-15 years old c. Between 16-24 months old d. Between 12-15 months old d. Between 12-15 months old
What type of antibody works against mumps? a. MMR b. IgM c. Rubulavirus d. IgG d. IgG
True or False: Cholera is an infectious bacterial disease caused by soil contamination. False
The bacterial organism known as cholera causes damage to the host by: a. Attacking the upper extremities b. Attacking the intestinal tract c. Attacking the immunity system d. Causing breathing problems b. Attacking the intestinal tract
Treatment for cholera includes: a. Vaccines for worldwide travel b. Replenishing fluids lost due to water loss c. Avoiding contact with contaminated water supplies d. All of the above d. All of the above
True or False Blastomycosis is caused by a fungi True
What part of the human body is effected by Blastomycosis? a. The eyes b. The feet c. the lungs c. the lungs
The symptoms of Blastomycosis include a. vomiting b. Diarrhea c. Cough with brownish or bloody mucus c. Cough with brownish or bloody mucus
True or False. Primary amebic meningoencephalitis is a common disease in the U.S. False
The causative agent of primary amebic meningoencephalitis, Naegleria fowleri, is a: a. Fungus b. Gram-positive bacteria c. Dinoflagellate d. Protozoa d. Protozoa
Which of the following is NOT a diagnosis method for primary amebic meningoencephalitis? a. Throat swab b. MRI c. Spinal tap d. PCR a. Throat swab
True or False- most of the people infected with HBV will become chronic carriers? False
How long the hepatitis B viruses need to be boiled to be destroyed? a. 10 minutes b. 20 minutes c. 30 minutes d. 45minutes c. 30 minutes
A health care worker is diagnosed with Hepatitis B. Virus. Which question is most important to ask? a. have you eaten any raw seafood recently? b. have you experienced a needle stick? c. have you made bed without gloves? b. have you experienced a needle stick?
True or false: Treatment of malaria caused by chloroquine (Aralen)-resistant P falciparum:oral:quinine sulfate and clindamycin (Cleocin). True
Asserting a malaria diagnosis: a.Flu- like symptoms in individual returning from travel a malarious geographical region b.Disease ruled out the patient has taken prophylactic drugs during travel c.Both d.neither a.Flu- like symptoms in individual returning from travel a malarious geographical region
Factors which determine antimalarial agent efficacy: a.species b.life-cycle stage dependencies c.both d.neither c.both
True or FALSE - A simple vaccination can prevent Chancroid Disease in both men and women? False
What type of organism is Chancroid? a) Fungi or Algae b) BACTERIA c) Helminthes d) Virus b) BACTERIA
Where are the sores (ulcers) found in the early stages of Chancroid? a) mouth b) hair or scalp c) bottoms of feet or palms of hands d) GENITALS d) GENITALS
Created by: caramelkandie26