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Nutition WK5 CH12

Nutrition for Adults: The Early, Middle, and Later Years

Aging total life process with biologic, nutritional, social, economic, psychological, and spiritual aspects.
Life expectancy 78 years by 2010 74 years for men 81 years for women varies by group and income
Impact on Health Disease prevention and health promotion – diet, exercise, vaccines, better food, screenings Weight management Diabetes management Shaping influences on adult growth and development
Physical growth Reached in late teen years – by 18 yo Levels off in early adult years
Psychosocial Young adults; Middle adults; Older adults
Young adults (20 to 44 years) Independent, stressed
Middle adults (45 to 64 years) Onset of chronic conditions
Older adults (65 years and older) May have sense of wholeness and completeness, or may increasingly withdraw from life Stress level increasing d/t economy 65-74 - “Young old people” 75-84 - “Elderly” 85+ - “Old-Old people”
Senescence the process or condition of growing old
BMR declines average of 1% to 2% per decade A more rapid decline at age 40 years for men and 50 years for women Caused by gradual loss of functioning body cells and reduced physical activity
Health promotion and disease prevention nurse's job Reduction of risk for chronic disease Nutritional status
Undernourishment risks: Low appetite Loneliness Lack of money Dental problems, tooth loss Gastrointestinal problems, decreased secretions, decreased taste Dehydration, reduced thirst sensation
Assisted Feeding Make no negative remarks about food being served. Identify the food being served. Allow at least three bites of each item before serving the next food. Allow time to chew and swallow – swallowing difficulty Give liquids throughout meal.
Chronic Diseases of Aging D/T fat and sugar Heart disease Cancer Arthritis Diabetes Alzheimer’s disease – aluminum in anti-perspirants Renal disease
CDC Recommendations to Prevent Chronic Disease Stop smoking Limit alcohol intake Be physically active Maintain healthy weight Diet low in fat and cholesterol
Medications That May Affect Nutritional Status Blood pressure medications Antacids Anticoagulants Laxatives Diuretics Decongestants polypharmacy
polypharmacy multiple meds taken for a variety of disorders; many interact w/ nutr. absorption; affect appetite
Congregate meals low cost nutri. sound meals served in a sr center or other public facility
Commodity Supplemental Food Program food assist. in form of food pkgs delivered to those over 60 considered poverty level
Senior Farmers Market Nutrition Program farmers mkts except food stamps
Meeting nutrition needs of adults, especially older adults can be a challenge and is influenced by: Current and past social, economic, and psychological factors Biological process of aging Life expectancy
Created by: MarieG