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Marano- Weather 1

weather the present condition of the atmosphere at any location
solar radiation weather changes as the result of ______ hititng the various layers of the atmosphere
solar energy the main source of heat energy
rises, drops heat _____ and cold air ____
atmosphere mixture of gases and tiny solid particles that surround the Earth and protect us from the sun's harmful rays
layers of the atmosphere TSMITE- troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, ionosphere, thermosphere, exosphere
troposhere layers closest to Earth, densest layers contains almost 90% of atmosphere's total mass
altitude height of an object above the Earth's atmosphere
decreases In troposphere as altitude increases, temperature _____
ozone molecule made of three oxygen atoms
ultravioloet radiation ozone absorbs solar energy in the form of _____
mesophere coldest layer of the atmosphere
ionosphere upper mesophere, nitrogen and oxygen atoms absorb harmful solar energy
Aurora Borealis Northern lights- ions radiate energy as light of different colors
thermosphere temperature increases with altitude and many gases are absorbing solar energy
exosphere outer space
air temperature the amount of heat (solar radiation) that reaches the Earth
angle of solar radiation sun light that is directly overhead (90 degrees) will heat you more than light that is just over the horizon
Dark objects absorb the sun's energy (quickly, slowly) and heat up fast. quickly
Light objects such as snow,ice, and water absorb the sun's energy (quickly, slowly) and heat up very slowly. slowly
gcloud cover only a small portion of the tremendous amount of the sun's energy actually enters the Earth's atmosphere due to ______
reflection 25-34% of the sun's energy is bounced back to space by clouds
absorption 19-20% of the sun's energy is soaked up by the atmosphere (water vapor, dust, ice crystals)
The sun's energy is _____ to the objects closest to the ground warming them up. refracted
At night time _____ act like a blanket and keep heat in our atmosphere clouds
radiation transfer of energy from the sun, heats Earth's surface
conduction contact- transfer of thermal energy from one object to another by direct contact
convection most thermal energy in the atmosphere moves by ____
convection cell created when lighter hot air rises, cools and then heavier cool air drops
Greenhouse effect Earth's heating process where the gases in the atmosphere, such as carbon dioxide and water vapor trap thermal energy
Global warming an increase in average global temperatures as greenhouse gases such as, carbon dioxide, increases
Created by: seagullq