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Latin Vocab 19-36

LAT 102

argumentum, -i, n. proof, evidence, argument
auctor, auctoris, m. Increaser, author, originator
beneficium, -ii, n. benefit, kindness; favor
familia, -ae, f. household, family
Graecia, -ae, f. Greece
iudex, iudicis, m. judge, juror
iudicium, -ii, n. judgement, decision, opinion; trial
scelus, sceleris, n. evil deed, crime, sin, wickedness
quis?, quid? who?, whose?, whom?, what?, which?
qui?, quae?, quod? what?, which?, what kind of?
certus, -a, -um definite, sure, certain, reliable
gravis, grave heavy, weighty, serious, important, severe, grievous
immortalis, immortale not subject to death, immortal
at but; but, mind you; but, you say
nisi if...not, unless; except
contra against (takes accusative)
iam now; already, soon
delecto, delectare, delectavi, delectatum to delight, charm, please
libero, liberare, liberavi, liberatum to free, liberate
paro, parare, paravi, paratum to prepare, provide, get, obtain
coniurati, -orum, m. conspirators (always plural)
cornu, -us, n. horn
fructus, -us, m. fruit, profit, benefit, enjoyment
genu, -us, n. knee
manus, -us, f. hand, band; handwriting
metus, -us, m. fear, dread, anxiety
mons, montis, m. mountain
senatus, -us, m. senate
sensus, -us, m. feeling, sense
servitus, servitutis, f. servitude, slavery
spiritus, -us, m. breath, breathing; spirit, soul
versus, -us, m. line of verse
communis, commune common, general, of the community, for the community
dexter, dextra, dextrum right, right-hand
sinister, sinistra, sinistrum left, left-hand
careo, carere, carui, cariturus to be without, be deprived of, want, lack; be free from (takes ablative of separation)
defendo, defendere, defendi, defensum to ward off; defend, protect
discedo, discedere, discessi, discessum to go away, depart
-, odisse, odi, osurum to hate
prohibeo, prohibere, prohibui, prohibitum to keep (back), prevent, hinder, restrain, prohibit
pronuntio, pronuntiare, pronuntiavi, pronuntiatum to proclaim, announce; declaim; pronounce
casa, -ae, f. house, cottage, hut
causa, -ae, f. cause, reason; case, situation; (abl. causa plus a preceding gen.) for the sake of, on account of
fenestra, -ae, f. window
finis, finis, m. end, limit, boundary, purpose; (plural) boundaries, territory
gens, gentis, f. clan, race, nation, people
mundus, -i, m. world, universe
navis, navis, f. ship, boat
salus, salutis, f. health, safety; greeting
Troia, -ae, f. Troy
vicinus, -i, m. neighbor
vicina, -ae, f. neighbor
vulgus, -i, m. the common people, mob, rabble
asper, aspera, asperum rough, harsh
atque, ac and, and also, and even
iterum again, a second time
contineo, continere, continui, contentum to hold together, contain, keep, enclose, restrain
iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussum to bid, order, command
laboro, laborare, laboravi, laboratum to labor, be in distress
rapio, rapere, rapui, raptum to seize, snatch, carry away
relinquo, relinquere, reliqui, relictum to leave behind, leave, abandon, desert
scio, scire, scivi, scitum to know
tango, tangere, tetigi, tactum to touch
dies, diei, m. day
ferrum, -i, n. iron; sword
fides, fidei, f. faith, trust, trustworthiness, fidelity, promise, guarantee, protection
ignis, ignis, m. fire
modus, -i, m. measure, bound, limit; manner, method, mode, way
res, rei, f. thing, matter, business, affair
spes, spei, f. hope
aequus, -a, -um level, even; calm; equal, just; favorable
felix, felicis lucky, fortunate, happy
incertus, -a, -um uncertain, unsure, doubtful
Latinus, -a, -um Latin
medius, -a, -um middle
quondam formerly, once
ultra on the other side, beyond (takes accusative)
protinus immediately
cerno, cernere, crevi, cretum to distinguish, discern, perceive
eripio, eripere, eripui, ereptum to snatch away, take away; rescue
inquit, -, -, - he says, he said (defective verb placed after one or more words of direct quotation)
tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatum to raise, lift up; take away, remove, destroy
arx, arcis, f. citadel, stronghold
dux, ducis, m. leader, guide; commander, general
equus, -i, m. horse
hasta, -ae, f. spear
insula, -ae, f. island
litus, litoris, n. shore, coast
miles, militis, m. soldier
orator, oratoris, m. orator, speaker
sacerdos, sacerdotis, m. priest
aliquis, aliquid someone, somebody, something
quisquis, quidquid whoever, whatever
magnanimus, -a, -um great-hearted, brave, magnanimous
umquam ever, at any time
educo, educare, educavi, educatum to bring up, educate
gaudeo, gaudere, gavisus sum, - to be glad, rejoice
ostendo, ostendere, ostendi, ostentum to exhibit, show, display
peto, petere, petivi, petitum to seek, aim at, beg, beseech
premo, premere, pressi, pressum to press, press hard, pursue
opprimo, opprimere, oppressi, oppressum to suppress, overwhelm, overpower, check
verto, vertere, verti, versum to turn; change
Carthago, Carthaginis, f. Carthage (a city in North Africa)
fabula, -ae, f. story, tale; play
imperator, imperatoris, m. general, commander-in-chief, emperor
imperium, -ii, n. power to command, supreme power, authority, command, control
perfugium, -ii, n. refuge, shelter
servus, -i, m. slave
serva, -ae, f. slave
solacium, -ii, n. comfort, relief
vulnus, vulneris, n. wound
re-, red- again, back
ut (+ indic.) just as, when
postea afterwards
accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptum to take (to one's self), receive, accept
excipio, excipere, excepi, exceptum to take out, except; take, receive, capture
recipio, recipere, recepi, receptum to take back, regain, admit, receive
pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsum to strike, push, drive out, banish
expello, expellere, expuli, expulsum to drive out, expel, banish
narro, narrare, narravi, narratum to tell, report, narrate
quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitum to seek, look for, strive for; ask, inquire, inquire into
rideo, ridere, risi, risum to laugh, laugh at
lingua, -ae, f. tongue; language
ferox fierce, savage (genitive ferocis)
fidelis, fidele faithful, loyal
geminus, -a, -um twin
sapiens wise, judicious; (as a noun) a wise man, philosopher (genitive sapientis)
ultimus, -a, -um farthest, extreme; last, final
dehinc then
hic here
ait, -, -, - he says, they say, assert (or aiunt)
credo, credere, credidi, creditum to believe, trust
iaceo, iacere, iacui, - to lie, lie prostrate, lie dead
nego, negare, negavi, negatum to deny, say that...not
nescio, nescire, nescivi, nescitum not to know, be ignorant
nuntio, nuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatum to announce, report, relate
patefacio, patefacere, patefeci, petefactum to make open, open; disclose, expose
puto, putare, putavi, putatum to clean, trim; reckon, suppose, judge, think, imagine
spero, sperare, speravi, speratum to hope for, hope
suscipio, suscipere, suscepi, susceptum to undertake
cena, -ae, f. dinner
forum, -i, n. marketplace, forum
lex, legis, f. law, statute
limen, liminis, n. threshold
lux, lucis, f. light
mensa, -ae, f. table, dining, dish, course (mensa secunda: dessert)
nox, noctis, f. night
somnus, -i, m. sleep
quidam, quaedam, quiddam (pron.) a certain one, certain thing, someone, something; (adj.) a certain, some
pudicus, -a, -um modest, chaste
superbus, -a, -um arrogant, overbearing, haughty, proud
tristis, triste sad, sorrowful; joyless, grim, severe
turpis, turpe ugly, shameful, base, disgraceful
urbanus, -a, -um of the city, urban, urbane, elegant
prae In front of, before (takes ablative)
quam (after comparatives) than; (with superlatives) possible (e.g. quam fortissimus, as great as possible)
tantum only
invito, invitare, invitavi, invitatum to entertain, invite, summon
delectatio, delectationis, f. delight, pleasure, enjoyment
nepos, nepotis, m. grandson, descendant
sol, solis, m. sun
diligens diligent, careful (genitive diligentis)
dissimilis, dissimile unlike, different
gracilis, gracile slender, thin
humilis, humile lowly, humble
maior, -ius greater, older; (plural) ancestors
primus, -a, -um first, foremost, chief, principal
quot how many, as many as (indeclinable)
similis, simile similar (to), like, resembling
superus, -a, -um above, upper
utilis, utile useful, advantageous
melior, -ius better
peior, -ius worse
plus more (NB no masc. and fem. or dat. sing; abl. sing. plure, gen. plur. plurium, neut. pl. plura)
minor, minus smaller
prior, -ius former
superior, -ius higher
optimus, -a, -um best
maximus, -a, -um greatest
pessimus, -a, -um worst
plurimus, -a, -um most
minimus, -a, -um smallest
summus, -a, -um highest, furthest
supremus, -a, -um highest, last
pono, ponere, posui, positum to put, place, set
probo, probare, probavi, probatum to test, approve, recommend
arma, -orum, n. arms, weapons (always plural)
cursus, -us, m. running, race; course
luna, -ae, f. moon
occasio, occasionis, f. occasion, opportunity
parens, parentis, m. or f. parent
stella, -ae, f. star, planet
vesper, vesperis, m. evening (genitive singular may also be vesperi)
mortuus, -a, -um dead
princeps chief, foremost; (m. or f. noun) leader, emperor (genitive principis)
ut (+ subj.) in order that, so that, that, in order to, so as to, to; (with indicative) as, when
ne not; in order that...not, that...not, in order not to
cedo, cedere, cessi, cessum to go, withdraw; yield to, grant, submit
dedico, dedicare, dedicavi, dedicatum to dedicate
egeo, egere, egui, - to need, lack, want
expleo, explere, explevi, expletum to fill, fill up, complete
praesto, praestare, praestiti, praestitum to excel; exhibit, show, offer, supply, furnish
taceo, tacere, tacui, tacitum to be silent, leave unmentioned
fatum, -i, n. fate, death
ingenium, -ii, n. nature, innate talent
moenia, moenium, n. walls of a city (always plural)
nata, -ae, f. daughter
osculum, -i, n. kiss
sidus, sideris, n. constellation, star
dignus, -a, -um worthy, worthy of
durus, -a, -um hard, harsh, rough, stern, unfeeling, hardy, difficult
tantus, -a, -um so large, so great, of such a size
denique at last, finally, lastly
ita so, thus
quidem indeed, certainly, at least, even (ne...quidem: not...even)
sic so, thus
tam so, to such a degree (tam...quam:
vero in truth, indeed, to be sure, however
condo, condere, condidi, conditum to put together, put into, store; found, establish
contendo, contendere, contendi, contenditum to strive, struggle, contend; hasten
mollio, mollire, mollivi, mollitum to soften; make calm, make less hostile
pugno, pugnare, pugnavi, pugnatum to fight
respondeo, respondere, respondi, responsum to answer
surgo, surgere, surrexi, surrectum to get up, arise
honor, honoris, m. honor, esteem; public office
ceteri, -ae, -a the remaining, the rest, the other, all the others (always plural)
quantus, -a, -um how large, how great, how much
ridiculus, -a, -um laughable, ridiculous
vivus, -a, -um alive, living
furtim stealthily, secretly
mox soon
primo at first, at the beginning
repente suddenly
unde whence, from what, from which place, from which, from whom whether...or
bibo, bibere, bibi, - to drink
cognosco, cognoscere, cognovi, cognitum to become acquainted with, learn, recognize; (in perf.) know
comprehendo, comprehendere, comprehendi, comprehensum to grasp, seize, arrest; comprehend, understand
consumo, consumere, consumpsi, consumptum to consume, use up
dubito, dubitare, dubitavi, dubitatum to doubt, hesitate
expono, exponere, exposui, expositum to set forth, explain, expose
minuo, minuere, minui, minutum to lessen, diminish
rogo, rogare, rogavi, rogatum to ask
as, assis, m. an as (a small copper coin, roughly equivalent to a penny)
auxillium, -ii, n. aid, help
digitus, -i, m. finger, toe
elephantus, -i, m. elephant
exsilium, -ii, n. exile, banishment
invidia, -ae, f. envy, jealousy, hatred
rumor, rumoris, m. rumor, gossip
vinum, -i, n. wine
mediocris, medicre ordinary, moderate, mediocre
cum (with subj.) when, since, although; (with indic.) when
apud among, in the presence of, at the house of (takes accusative)
semel a single time, once, once and for all, simultaneously
usque all the way, up (to), even (to), continuously, always
doleo, dolere, dolui, doliturum to grieve, suffer, hurt, give pain
dormio, dormire, dormivi, dormitum to sleep
fero, ferre, tuli, latum to bear, carry, bring; suffer, endure, tolerate; say, report
adfero, adferre, attuli, allatum to bring to
confero, conferre, contuli, collatum to bring together, compare; confer, bestow (se conferre: betake onself, go)
offero, offerre, obtuli, oblatum to offer
refero, referre, rettuli, relatum to carry back, bring back; repeat, answer, report
invideo, invidere, invidi, invisum to be envious; to look at with envy, envy, be jealous of
occido, occidere, occidi, occasum to fall down; die; set
custodia, -ae, f. protection, custody; (plural) guards
exercitus, -us, m. army
paupertas, paupertatis, f. poverty, humble circumstance
dives rich (genitive divitis or ditis)
par equal, like (genitive paris)
pauper of small means, poor (genitive pauperis)
dummodo (with subj.) provided that, so long as
longe far
libere freely
pulchre beautifully
fortiter bravely
celeriter quickly
acriter keenly
feliciter happily
sapienter wisely
facile easily
bene well
male badly
multum much
magnopere greatly
parum little, not very (much)
diu for a long time
malo, malle, malui, - to want (something) more, instead; prefer
nolo, nolle, nolui, - to not...wish, be unwilling
pateo, patere, patui, - to be open, lie open, be accessible, be evident
praebeo, praebere, praebui, praebitum to offer, provide
promitto, promittere, promisi, promissum to send forth; promise
volo, velle, volui, - to wish, want, be willing, will
initium, -ii, n. beginning, commencement
ops, opis, f. help, aid; (plural) power, resources, wealth
philosophus, -i, m. philosopher
philosopha, -ae, f. philosopher
plebs, plebis, f. the common people, populace, plebians
sal, salis, m. salt; wit
speculum, -i, n. mirror
quis, quid (after si, nisi) anyone, anything, someone, something
candidus, -a, -um shining, bright, white; beautiful
merus, -a, -um pure, undiluted
suavis, suave sweet
-ve or
heu ah!, alas! (a sound of grief or pain)
subito suddenly
recuso, recusare, recusavi, recusatum to refuse
trado, tradere, tradidi, traditum to give over, surrender; hand down, transmit, teach
anima, -ae, f. soul, spirit
remissio, remissionis, f. letting go, release; relaxation
vox, vocis, f. voice, word
adversus, -a, -um opposite, adverse
talis, tale such, of such a sort
vae alas, woe to
arbitror, arbitrari, arbitratus sum, - to judge, think
conor, conari, conatus sum, - to try, attempt
cresco, crescere, crevi, cretum to increase
egredior, egredi, egressus sum, - to go out
fateor, fateri, fassus sum, - to confess, admit
hortor, hortari, hortatus sum, - to encourage, urge
loquor, loqui, locutus sum, - to say, speak, tell
molior, moliri, molitus sum, - to work at, build, undertake, plan
morior, mori, mortuus sum, - to die
nascor, nasci, natus sum, - to be born; spring forth, arise
patior, pati, passus sum, - to suffer, endure, permit
proficiscor, proficisci, profectus sum, - to set out, start
rusticor, rusticari, rusticatus sum, - to live in the country
sedeo, sedere, sedi, sessum to sit
sequor, sequi, secutus sum, - to follow
specto, spectare, spectavi, spectatum to look at, see
utor, uti, usus sum, - to use; enjoy, experience
aestas, aestatis, f. summer
ianua, -ae, f. door
pectus, pectoris, n. breast, heart
praemium, -ii, n. reward, prize
iratus, -a, -um angry
antepono, anteponere, anteposui, antepositum to put before, prefer
foveo, fovere, fovi, fotum to comfort, nurture, cherish
ignosco, ignoscere, ignovi, ignotum to grant pardon to, forgive
impero, imperare, imperavi, imperatum to give orders to, command
miror, mirari, miratus sum, - to marvel at, admire, wonder
noceo, nocere, nocui, nocitum to do harm to, harm, injure
nubo, nubere, nupsi, nuptum to cover, veil; (with dat.) to be married to, marry
parco, parcere, peperci, parsurum to be lenient to, spare
pareo, parere, parui, - to be obedient to, obey
persuadeo, persuadere, persuasi, persuasum to make sweet to, persuade
placeo, placere, placui, placitum to be pleasing to, please
sapio, sapere, sapui, - to have good taste; have good sense, be wise
servio, servire, servivi, servitum to be a slave to, serve
studeo, studere, studui, - to direct one's zeal to, be eager for, study
subrideo, subridere, subrisi, subrisum to smile upon, to smile down upon
cupido, cupidinis, f. desire, passion
lector, lectoris, m. reader
lectrix, lectricis, f. reader
vinculum, -i, n. bond, chain, fetter
cotidie daily, every day
fortasse perhaps
accedo, accedere, accessi, accessum to come (to), approach
carpo, carpere, carpsi, carptum to harvest, pluck, seize
cogo, cogere, coegi, coactum to drive together, bring together, force, compel
contemno, contemnere, contempsi, contemptum to despise, scorn
contundo, contundere, contudi, contusum to beat, crush, bruise, destroy
curo, curare, curavi, curatum to care for, attend to; heal, cure; take care
decerno, decernere, decrevi, decretum to decide, settle, decree
exigo, exigere, exegi, exactum to drive out, force out, exact; drive through, complete, perfect
fio, fieri, factus sum, - to occur, happen, become; be made, be done
oblecto, oblectare, oblectavi, oblectatum to please, amuse, delight; pass time pleasantly
oro, orare, oravi, oratum to speak, plead; beg, beseech, entreat
recreo, recreare, recreavi, recreatum to restore, revive; refresh, cheer
requiro, requirere, requisivi, requisitum to seek, ask for, miss, need, require
sereno, serenare, serenavi, serenatum to make clear, brighten; cheer up, soothe
Created by: dnbt



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