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Skin Disorders & dis

Skin Disorders & Diseases (COS)

QuestionAnswer
A cancerous tumor (abnormal mass of cells that have uncontrollable growth and tend to spread to other areas) Malignant
Non cancerous tumor (abnormal mass of cells that generally stop their own growth and do not spread to other areas) Benign
cancer cells originating from epithelial cells carcinomas
cancer cells originating in melanocytes, most serious type of skin cancer malignant melanoma
hair follicle filled with keratin and sebum comedo
chronic disorder of the sebaceous glands, combination of papule and comedo and possible retention of bacterium P. acnes acne vulgaris
a benign keratin filled cyst, just under epidermis w/ no visible opening milia
dry, scaly skin, due to lack of sebum, caused by old age and cold exposure asteatosis
chronic condition on cheeks and nose, characterized by flushing, telangiectasia (dilation of surface blood vessels), papules, and pustules rosacea
a large protruding pocket-like lesion filled with sebum on scalp, neck or back sebaceous cyst
perspiration deficiency (lack of perspiration) anhidrosis
Foul-smelling perspiration, most commonly armpits and feet bromhidrosis
excessive sweating (hyper sweating) hyperhidrosis
prickly heat (heat rash), small red vesicles & burning/itching Miliaria Rubra
inflammation of the skin caused by various agents dermatitis
acute, or chronic, non-contagious inflammation Skin is generally dry, itchy, and scaly eczema
viral infection of mucous membrane causing painful red vesicles herpes
chronic (long term) inflammatory disease characterized by dry red patches with silvery scales develop on the skin on the elbows, knees, shins, scalp, and lower back psoriasis
absence of melanin, including skin, hair, and eyes. albinism
‘mask of pregnancy’-increased pigmentation of the skin in spots that are not elevated caused by hormonal changes chloasma
freckles, age spots/liver spots. Yellow-to-brown spots from sun exposure lentigines
an autoimmune disorder which appears as milky white spots or splotches of the skin vitiligo
acquired, thickened patch of epidermis (callus or corn) keratoma
small, brownish spot on skin. Can be small-to-large, light-to-dark, flat-to-raised. Often have hair. mole
small brown-to-flesh colored outgrowth skin-tag
abnormal growth of papillae and epidermis (wart) verruca
hereditary tendency for acne-prone skin to retain dead cells in the follicle, forming clogs, leading to acne retention hyperkeratosis
substances that do not cause comedos because they do not clog pores non-comedogenic
contagious bacterial skin infection characterized by a weeping, yellow “scabby” crust lesions impetigo
“pinkeye,” common contagious bacterial or viral infection of the eyes characterized by redness in the white of the eye or inner eye lid, increased amount of tears, & a burning sensation conjunctivitis
contagious fungal infection mainly on the feet. athlete's foot
pigmentation conditions of the skin dyschromias
darker than normal pigmentation hyperpigmentation
lighter than normal pigmentation hypopigmentation
any disorder characterized by light abnormal patches caused by genetic disorders, injury, or sun damage that destroy melanocytes leukoderma
a benign (harmless) abnormal growth of the skin hypertrophy
inflammation of the sebaceous glands, characterized by redness, dry or oily scaling, crusting, and/or itchiness seborrheic dermatitis
fungal infection with raised, circular patches of dry, itchy skin ringworm
brown wine-colored discoloration of the skin stain
birthmark-small or large malformation of the skin due to abnormal pigmentation nevus
change in pigment due to UV-light stimulating melanocytes tan
most common and least severe type of skin cancer; characterized by light and pearly nodules -90% survival rate basal cell carcinoma
faster growing cancer characterized by scaly red papules or nodules; survival rates depend on stage of diagnosis squamous cell carcinoma
Created by: kcarpenter
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