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Criminal Justice

Chapter 11: ReEntry

QuestionAnswer
ReEntry A process of release preparation that begins within the institution and continues in the community
Two types of ReEntry programs 1. Changing crime behavior 2. Teaching new Skills
Changing Crime Behavior Program Approaches attempting to eliminate behavior directly related to offenders crime
Teaching New Skills Program Approaches attempting to teach offenders new skills and ways to deal with daily life
Drug and Alcohol treatment -Eligible inmates include those who committed a crime to support a drug habit or those heavily influenced -> only 15% recieve treatment.. 75% need it
Drug and Alcohol education programs -use cognitive behavioral approach to focus on problem solving, life skills, stress mngt -for low level users -in or out of prison
outpatient drug treatment -use cognitive-behavioral or psychotherapy -for moderate users -primarily out of prison (1-12 months)
Residential Substance Abuse Treatment -Therapeutic Communities -users with severe problem in/out of prison -in or out of prison
Anger Management programs -uses cognitive-behavioral approach to teach clients to control themselves nonaggressivly -often component of both drug and sex orrender treatement -not much research on these programs in jail/prison but data on ppl who arent in jail/prison effective
sex offenders -smaller group of offenders than those needing substance or anger management treatment - varys by offense *Programs tend to be long term with multiple regimens (Victim empathy, chemicals to reduce arousal) -believed to reduce reoffending
Life skills classes designed to provide offenders with basic life skills aka learning how to do things they missed EX: - jobs (writing resume, interveiwing, finding a job) -finances (open/balancing accounts, getting credit) -Personal (set/achieve goals, health edu
where do the children live (dad in prison) - 89% stay with the mother, and the rest stay with relatives. Less than 2% end up in foster care
where do the children live (mom in prison) 53% stay with grandparents, 28% stay with the father, 25% stay with a relative and 9.6% live in foster care
parenting programs: parents in jail keep in contact by -letters -phone calls -visits *more than 50% of state prisoners who are parents NEVER receive a personal visit from their children. Location is a key reason
parenting programs: pregnant mothers 6-8% of inmates enter prison being prison. If someone doesnt come get the child once it is born it becomes a ward of the state *Considering keeping mom and newborn together in prison: 5 states allow it till kid is 18 months - CA, NE, NY, OH, WA
Kids in prison Us is one of the few countries that seperates kids from moms. Reason: 1. Prison is a punishment, why punish child 2. prison isnt a good parent: can skill be taught, is the alternative better?
HIV/AIDS in prison 2% male and 3% female are infected - housed in gen pop except for 2 states: AL, MS, SC courts disagree with mandatory testing but some states test inmates at intake, others only at request
Mental Health - more than 3x more mentally ill persons inside jail/prison than in mental hospitals - facility isnt designed/staff isnt trained to deal with the mentally ill -most common with female, white and young inmates - 13-19% is severe enough for separate hous
how the prisons responde - keep mentally ill in gen popl and offer medacine/counceling -segregate mentally ill in own housing and offer specialized care -provide full-time psychiatric care in prison mental hospital for more severe mentally ill
speakers -They spoke about their lives: many drugs/alcohol -there lifestyle, very structured -liked rehabilitation... believed to help them
Woman in prison video - women make families - some become lesbians - more close knit, not as violent
Created by: murp5016