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LECTURE A & P

EXAM 4 PH, REPRODCTIVE SYSTEM

QuestionAnswer
DEFINE DIOCIOUS? SEPARATE SEXES
DEFINE MONOECIOUS? SAME SEX AT THE BEGINNING OF DEVELOPMENT.
DEFINE SPERMATOGENESIS? THE PRODUCTION OF MALE SPERM.
DEFINE OOGENESIS? THE PRODUCTION OF EGGS OF WOMAN
DEFINE MITOSIS? IS THE SAME CELL WHICH PRODUCES THE SAME CHROMOSOME NUMBER (2N), FOR GROWTH AND REPAIR.
DEFINE MEIOSIS? DIFFERENT CELLS PRODUCE, WHICH WILL REDUCE THE CHROMOSOME NUMBER (N), FOR REPRODUCTION.
DEFINE ACROSOME? TOP OR HEAD OF SPERM
DEFINE PRO NUCLEUS? 23 OR 1/2 SET OF CHROMOSOMES OF SPERM
DEFINE MITOCHONDRIA? PRODUCES ATP. MID-PIECE OF SPERM
DEFINE THE FLAGELLUM? TAIL OF THE SPERM
DEFINE ANDROGENS? SECRETES MALE HORMONES WHICH COMES FROM THE TESTES.
DEFINE TESTOSTERONE HORMONES IN THE MALE? INFLUENCES SECONDARY SEX CHARACTERISTICS(MASCULIN); DECREASE WITH AGE.
DEFINE EUNUCH? CASTRATION, ROMOVAL OF THE TESTES.
DEFINE CRYPTORCHIDISM? BARRIED TESTES; THEY WILL NOT DESCEND.
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THE TESTES FAIL TO DESCEND? THE MALE WILL BECOME STERILE, DUE TO TEMP.BUT CAN BE TREATED WITH HORMONES OR SURGERY.
DEFINE SCROTUM OF THE MALE PENIS? OUTER BAG WHICH HOLDS THE TESTES.
DEFINE TESTIS? MAKES TESTOSTERONE AND GENERATING SPERM.
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE EPIDIYMUS OF THE MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM? SWELLEN TUBE OF SPERM,IF SPERM IS NEEDED YOU GET IT FROM THE EPIDIDYMUS.
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE DUCTUS (VAS)DEFERENS OF THE MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM? ITS THE TUBE THAT CARRIES SPERM ATOUND TO THE PENIS.
IN CASE OF A VESECTOMY WHICH TUBE IS CUT IN THE MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM? THE DUCTUS (VAS) DEFERENS.
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE SIMINAL VESICLE IN THE MALE? CONTAINS A NON-ALKALINE FLUID WHICH DILUTES THE ACID IN THE FEMALE'S REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM, TO HELP SPERM MAKE CONTACT WITH THE EGG.
WHAT DOES THE SIMINAL VESICLE CONTAIN IN IT'S VESICLE? IT CONTAINS ALKALINE FLUID, FRUCTOSE (FOOD) FOR THE FEMALE EGG AND PROSTAGIANDINS.
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE PROSTAGIANDINS WITHIN THE SEMINAL VISICLE? IT COUNTERACTS WITH THE FEMALE BY THROW THE SPERM INTO THE UTERUS.
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE EJACULATORY DUCT? PROMOTES MALE MUSLCE CONTRACTION.
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE MALE PROSTATE GLAND AND WHERE IS IT LOCATED? IT NEUTRALIZED PH OF SMENIAL FLUID(SEMEN) AND VAGINA, OFTEN CANCEROUS AND CAN ENLARGE IN OLDER MALES AND IS STIMULATED BY THE TESTOSTERONE HORMONE. ITS LOCATED AROUND THE DUCTUS DEFERENS AND THE URETHRA.
WHAT ARE OTHER OPTIONS TO PREVENT REMOVAL OF THE PROSTATE IF IT ENLARGES? TAKE THE FEMALE HORMONE CALLED ESTORGEN.
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE BULBOURETHRAL (COWPER'S GLAND)? LUBRICATION TO ALLOW EASY INSERTION OF THE PENIS.
WHAT CAUSES THE PENIS TO ERECT? ITS CAUSED BY THE BLOOD FLOW, OR B/P
DEFINE PENIS? LOCATED EXTERNAL GENITALIA OF THE MALE
DEFINE GLANDS PENIS? SENSITIVE END OF THE PENIS
DEFINE PREPUCE? THE FORESKIN OF THE PENIS.
DEFINE OVARY? PRODUCES EGGS EVERY MONTH.
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF FIMBRIA? MADE LIKE HANDS THAT CATCHES THE EGG AT TIME OF OVULATION AND SENDS IT TO THE OVERDUCT.
WHERE IS THE EGGS FERTILIZED? IN THE OVERDUCT.
DEFINE UTERINE? FALLOPIAN TUBE, PASSAGE TUBE AS EGGS FERTILIZE.
WHAT DOES THE UTERING CAVITY CONSIST OF ? ENDOMETRUIM, MYOMETRIUM ADN PERIMETRIUM.
DEFINE CERVIX? MOUTH OF THE VAGINA
DEFINE VAGINA? OPENING OF THE CERVIX
WHAT ARE THE TWO WAYS TO GET AN ATOPIC PREGNANCY? OUTSIDE THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM (OR) AS A ZYGOTE DEVELOPING IN THE OVERDUCT(TUBE)
WHAT IS OVULATION? WHEN THE EGGS ERUPTS ON THE WALL OF THE UTERUS.
DEFINE GRAAFIAN FOLLICLE? THIS FOLLICLE IS DEVELOPED BEFORE THE EGG ERUPTS ON THE WALL OF THE UTERUS.
WHAT DOES THE GRAAFIAN FOLLICLE BECOMES AFTER OVUALTION? CORPUS LUTEUM (YELLOW)COLOR WHICH PRODUCES THE FEMALE HORMONE ESTROGEN.
WHAT DOES THE CORPUS LUTEUM BECOMES AFTER THE FERTILIZATION OF THE EMBRYO? CORPUS ALBACAN (WHITE) COLOR WHICH PRODUCE THE HORMONE PROGESTERONE.
IN FEMALE REPRODUCTION WHAT TWO FOLLICLE AND OOCYTE PRODUCE ESTROGEN? GRAAFIAN FOLLICLE AND CORPUS LUTEUM(SECONDARY OOCYTE)
WHERE IS THE HYPOTHALAMUS LOCATED? AT THE BASE OF THE BRAIN ABOVE THE PITUITARY GLAND.
WHERE IS THE PITUITARY GLAND LOCATED? ATTACHED TO THE HYPOTHALAMUS GLAND.
WHAT TWO HORMONES DOES THE HYPOTHALAMUS PRODUCE? FSH-RF(FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE) RELEASING FACTOR. AND LH-RF(GN RF)GLUTINIZING HORMONE RELEASE FACTOR.
WHERE IS THE FSH(F0LLICLE RELEASE FACTOR LOCATED? IN THE ANTERIOR OF THE PITUITARY.
WHERE IS THE LH-(RELEASE FACTOR LOCATED? IN THE ANTERIOR OF THE PITUITARY.
WHEN DOES THE FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE STARTS STIMULATING THE OVARY IN A FEMALE? BETWEEN THE AGE OF 12 AND 13.
WHAT'S THE NAME OF THE FOLLICLE THAT STIMULATES THE OVARY? THE GRAAFIAN FOLLICLE, WHICH ALSO PRODUCES THE FAMALE HORMONE ESTROGEN.
WHAT IS THE OVARY CALLED AFTER IT ERRUPTS FROM THE OVARY? OVUM
WHAT CYCLE DOES THE OVUM GOES THROUGH AFTER IT ERRUPTS FROM THE OVARY? OVULATION
DEFINE OVULATION? EGG RELEASED IN THE PLAN TO FERTILIZE AN EGG.
IN FERTILIZATION WHAT IS THE STATUS OF THE EGG BEFORE SEVEN WEEKS? EBRYO
WHAT IS THE STATUS OF AN EGG AFTER SEVEN WEEKS OF FERTILIZATION? FETUS
HOW IS HCG PRODUCED? FROM THE EMBRYO WHCIH INFLUENCES THE CORPUS LUEUM TO PRODUCE THE FEMALE HORMONE ESTROGEN AND PROGESTERON.
WHAT PRODUCES THE PLACENTA AT THE TIME OF FERTILIZAION? FROM THE EMBRYO WHICH PLACES THE PALCENTA INTO THE UTERUS.
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE FEMALE HORMONE PROGESTERON? IT INFLUENCES THE PLACENTA TO HOLD ON TO THE UTERINE WALL.; ALSO KNOWN AS BEING THE BODIES NATURAL BIRTH CONTROL.
WHY IS PROGESTERON CONSIDERED AS THE BODIES NATURAL BIRTH CONTROL? BECAUSE IT INFLUENCES THE CORPUS ALBACAN TO INHIBIT THE ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND TO SHUT DOWN WHILE THE BODY IS PREGNAN
WHAT PRODUCES THE PROGESTERON HORMONE? THE PLACENTA
WHAT HAPPENS IF THE PLACENTA TEARS FROM THE WALL OF THE UTERUS? THE PREGANCY WILL BE CONSIDERED AS A MIS-CARRAGE.
WHAT TYPE OF NATURAL BIRTH CONTROL IS USED TODAY? PROGESTRON IN THE FORM OF A BIRTH CONTROL PILL.
WHAT ARE THE STEPS INTO THE BIRTH PROCESS(PARTURITION)? STRETCHING OF THE UTERUS, TRIGGERS THE HYPOTHALAMUS, STIMULATES THE POS. PITUITARY GLAND,SECRETES OXYTOCIN HORMONE, CAUSES UTERUS TO CONTRACT AND STIMULATES MAMMARY GLANDS(POS.FDBCK)
THE BIRTH CONTROL THAT IS TYPE OUT CAN BE STUDIED WITHOUT NOTES.. TO SAVE TIME........THANK YOU......o.Z.
Created by: ozcavil