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Anatomy 2 Test

acid-base inbalance, respiratory, urinary

How most CO2 is transported HCO3
What happens to PCO2 in UC Respiratory Acidosis it is greater than 45
What ABI has increased HCO3 and normal PCO2 metabolic alkalosis
What two formulas do you need to know? TLC=VC+RV VC=TV+IRV+ERV
what is the significance of nitrates in urine? Bacteria give them off
Normal respiration rate 15-20
ABI caused by emphysema respiratory acidosis
The difference between TLC and VC RV
What pressure is least intrapleural
What ABI is corrected by paper bag rebreathing respiratory alkalosis
What happens to HCO3 in UC Respiratory alkalosis normal
percentage of RBF that becomes GFR 10
first portion of gas exchange system respiratory bronchiole
What happens to PCO2 in PC metabolic acidosis decreases to less than 35
Mary has swollen feet, normal interstitial space, with fluid in her lungs. What is her diagnosis? pneumonia
Compensatory response for metabolic acidosis hyperventilation
Where is edema found in the end stages of pulmonary edema? Lungs and interstitium
secondary bronchi lobar
common ABI in post anesthia patients respiratory acidosis
greatest pressure during inspiration ATM
Trigger for respiration in long term COPD decreased oxygen
Normal GFR 125 ml/min
significance of bilirubin in urine liver problems
greatest pressure during expiration intrapulmonary
most common ABI in renal failure metabolic acidosis
bicurcation of the trachea carina
air in lungs after maximum expiration RV
last part of the conduction system aveolar duct
pressure outside of the body ATM
What happens to the PCO2 and PO2 as a results of pulmonary edema with increased respiratory membrane thickness? they decrease
laryngeal prominence adam's apple.
What ABI occurs when PCO2 increases and pH decreases respiratory acidosis
common ABI in uncontrolled diabetes metabolic acidosis
how aldosterone controls blood pressure water reabsorption
quiet breathing tidal
prevents alveolar collapse surfactant
keeps alveoli open elastic recoil
part of the lung that surrounds tertiary bronchus bronchopulmonary segment
ABI from CVA respiratory alkalosis
ABI from hypoventilation respiratory alkalosis
ABI from dysfunctional respiratory muscles respiratory acidosis
ABI from aspirin overdose respiratory alkalosis
ABI caused by ketosis metabolic acidosis
ABI caused by vomiting metabolic alkalosis
respiratory event when diaphragm relaxes expiration
lung with the greatest volume right
number of lobes in the right lung 3
percentage of solutes in urine 5%
air in intrapleural space PTX
pH range of urine 4.5-8
type of capillary in nephron glomerular and peritubular
innervation of vocalcords recurrent laryngeal
common ABI in prolonged labor. respiratory alkalosis
normal blood sugar range 80-120
what does ATX stand for? atelectasis
ABI caused by diarrhea metabolic acidosis
normal pH 7.35-7.45
normal PCO2 35-45
normal HCO3 22-26
ABI caused by acid loss metabolic alkalosis
ABI caused by HCO3 loss metabolic acidosis
alkalosis pH greater than 7.45
alkalosis pCO2 less than 35
alkalosis HCO3 greater than 26
where ADH is produced hypothalamus
HCO3 carbonic acid
what part of the nephron connects the ascending and descending limb loop of henle
What ABI occurs when PCO2 decreases and pH increases respiratory alkalosis
when ABI occurs when HCO3 decreases and pH decreases metabolic acidosis
What ABI occurs when HCO3 increases and pH increases metabolic alkalosis
type 1 alveolar cell SSE
Type 2 alveolar cell surfactant
number of bronchopulmonary segments 20
tissue lining trachea PSCCE
tissue lining nasopharynx PSCCE
another name for false vocal cords vestibular folds
Where ANH is produced heart
number of fissures in left lung 1
What does GFR stand for glomerular filtration rate
dilated portion of proximal ureter pelvis
bladder muscle detrusor
donut surrounding male urethra prostate
formed by ureters and uretha in bladder trigone
location of respiratory center pons medulla
collapsed alveoli ATX
layers of respiratory membrane 1surfactant 2simple squamous epithelium of alveolus 3.basement membrane of simple squamous epithelium of the alveolus 4.interstitial space 5.basement membrane of simple squamous endothelium of the alveolar capillary 6. red blood cell membrane 7.hemoglobin
triangular structures of the kidney pyramids
where surfactant is produced alveoli
acidosis pH less than 7.35
acidosis PCO2 greater than 45
acidosis HCO3 less than 22
principal muscles of respiration diaphragm, internal & external intercostals
2 layers of pleura visceral and parietal
partial pressure of oxygen in room air -159
partial pressure of CO2 in room air .3
percentage of N in expired air 78%
number of ATM at 66 feet below sea level 3
respiratory phase when diaphragm contracts inspiration
respiratory phase when elastic recoil decreases alveolar size expiration
number of ATM at sea level 1
dilation of terminal bronchiole where gases diffuse alveoli
upper portion of lung apex
portion of lung where bronchi enter hilum
describe a right main stem intubation ETT beyond carina
ETT endotracheal tube
largest laryngeal cartilages 15-20
Created by: cjm2326