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Unit 7:12

Urinary System (Updated)

QuestionAnswer
The urinary system is responsible for maintaining the body’s acid-base balance.
The kidneys are protected by the ribs and a heavy cushion of fat.
As filtered materials pass through the convoluted tubules, substances needed by the body are reabsorbed.
The mucous membrane lining of the bladder is arranged in a series of folds called rugae.
Uremia is a toxic condition that occurs when the kidneys fail and urinary waste products are present in the bloodstream.
Shock wave procedure used to crush stones formed in the urinary system is called. Lithotripsy
Bacteria, viruses, or chemicals such as bubble bath solutions can cause urethritis.
Pus in the urine is called Pyuria
A notched or indented area on the kidney through which the ureter, nerves, blood vessels, and lymph vessels enter and leave the kidney is call the hilum
Less than normal amount of urination Oliguria
Involuntary urination Incontinence
Blood in the urine Hematuria
Painful urination is called Dysuria
Outer section of the kidney Cortex
Tube from the kidney to the bladder Ureter
Microscopic filtering unit in the kidney Nephron
C-shaped structure surrounding the glomerulus Bowman’s capsule
Cluster of capillaries in the nephron Glomerulus
How much urine is collected in the bladder before the urge to urinate occurs? 250cc
Waste products dissolved in urine urea, uric acid, creatinine, mineral salts, various pigments
How many Cubic centimeters of urine are produced daily 1,500 to 2,000 cubic centimeters
The proper term for urination at night nocturia
What is the only cure for renal failure? kidney transplant
Frequent urination, dysuria, burning sensation during urination, hematuria, bladder spasm, fever are symptoms of cystitis
The medulla of the kidney contains most of the collection tubules
The kidneys are protected by the ribs and a cushion of fat
Two muscular tubes that extend from the kidneys to the bladder ureters
The tube that carries the urine from the bladder to the outside urethra
What percent of urine waste is water 95 percent
Renal calculus or urinary calculus is called a kidney stone
When the kidneys stop functioning it is called renal failure
A toxic condition that occurs when the kidneys fail and urinary waste products are present in the bloodstream is called uremia
tion of the urethra is called urethritis
An inflammation of the kidney tissue and renal pelvis caused by pyogenic (pus forming) bacteria is called pyelonephritis
An inflammation of the glomerulus of the kidney is called glomerulonephritis
An inflammation of the bladder caused by pathogens entering the urinary meatus is called cystitis
Excessive urination is called polyuria
Absence of urination is called anuria
A procedure in which shock waves are used to crush stones that form in the urinary system Lithotripsy
A constant state of natural balance in the internal environment of the body is called homeostasis
What moves urine through the ureter peristalsis
When blood is found in the urine it is called hematuria
What are the formation of stones in the urinary system called calculi
Created by: votec